Toward an inclusive global economy

Can You Buy a Bagel With It? Richelieu Dennis grew his community-based health and beauty products business into the multimillion-dollar Sundial Brands. Morgan Stanley employees are giving back toward an inclusive global economy their communities in June, starting with a 24-hour around-the-world campaign on June 1st to fight child hunger.

Morgan Stanley’s inclusive access and opportunity initiative is working to broaden access to capital for multicultural and female innovators and highlight how investors can fund innovative ventures in underserved populations. The flattening yield curve has many investors concerned about a coming recession. But Investment Management’s Jim Caron provides another read on the indicator. When it comes to investing, even the most savvy of us fall prey to bias and emotional trades. So what triggers should you watch for?

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An Early End to Fed Tightening? A decade after the financial crisis, the Fed is shrinking its balance sheet and taking slack out of the economy. But this normalization process may end earlier than many expect. A weekly update on what to watch in the markets from Mike Wilson, Chief Investment Officer and Chief U. You Can Play Videogames for a Living?

1 million volunteer hours since launch in 2006. Consumer prices are heading higher and investors may be too complacent about the risk that could present to markets. Is Self-Disruption Australia’s Key to Growth? Australia’s major industries face increasing competition from outside disruptors. Could “self-disruption” be the key to mitigating risk and creating value for investors? Is it possible to help the Zero Hunger mission worldwide while also investing in companies with attractive fundamentals?

Will 2018 see an aggressive rotation toward defensive sectors? Equity Strategist Mike Wilson says the tipping point may have already arrived. Hope Knight, head of the Greater Jamaica Development Corp. What Does It Mean to Retire Now? For a cross-generational cohort who expect to live longer, more active lives, the last thing they want is a traditional retirement—which is why they’re reinventing the whole concept. After the dotcom bust, Tanya Van Court learned how little she understood basic finance.

With Goalsetter, she’s out to change that for others. Wings nonprofit partner was the real victory. Rising incomes and urbanization, a passenger vehicle sales boom and the dream of cleaner air could be setting the stage for the transformation of mobility in India. The tenor of trade disputes is changing. They now pose a greater risk to the U. As investors contemplate slowing growth, Morgan Stanley Research examines which sectors and industries offer defensive protection for bumpy markets. Non-profits, foundations and endowments need to ensure that their sources of capital are in sync with their stated goals.

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If you want to work with and learn from the best in the business, there’s no better place to start. It’s time to take your business to another level. Find a Financial Advisor, Branch and Private Wealth Advisor near you. Almost four billion people, more than half of the world’s population live outside the protection of the law. Making access to justice a reality for all is a momentous challenge. I see three interlinked avenues for action.

toward an inclusive global economy

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Visit the OECD’s page on Lithuania to find out more about its accession, key statistics and other content on the country. In many OECD countries, inequalities are at their highest levels in 30 years and are widening. What are the effects, and the policy responses? See our story on inclusive growth. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. This article may be confusing or unclear to readers.

Please help us clarify the article. There might be a discussion about this on the talk page. This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. A business product, as educational and innovative intellectual products and services can be exported for a high value return. The key component of a knowledge economy is a greater reliance on intellectual capabilities than on physical inputs or natural resources. The initial foundation for the knowledge economy was introduced in 1966 in the book The Effective Executive by Peter Drucker.

The manual worker, according to him, works with his or her hands and produces goods or services. The key problem in the formalization and modeling of knowledge economy is a vague definition of knowledge, which is a rather relative concept. The knowledge economy is also seen as the latest stage of development in global economic restructuring. In the knowledge economy, the specialized labor force is characterized as computer literate and well-trained in handling data, developing algorithms and simulated models, and innovating on processes and systems. It has been suggested that the next evolutionary step after knowledge economy is the network economy, where the relatively localized knowledge is now being shared among and across various networks for the benefit of the network members as a whole, to gain economic of scale in a wider, more open scale. Globalization — markets and products are more global. New media increases the production and distribution of knowledge which in turn, results in collective intelligence.

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Existing knowledge becomes much easier to access as a result of networked data-bases which promote online interaction between users and producers. Internet bring the “global village” ever nearer. As a result, goods and services can be developed, bought, sold, and in many cases even delivered over electronic networks. As regards the applications of any new technology, this depends on how it meets economic demand. The economics are not of scarcity, but rather of abundance. Unlike most resources that are depleted when used, information and knowledge can be shared, and actually grow through application. The effect of location is either diminished, in some economic activities: using appropriate technology and methods, virtual marketplaces and virtual organizations that offer benefits of speed, agility, round the clock operation and global reach can be created.

toward an inclusive global economy

However, clusters already existed in pre-knowledge economy times. Laws, barriers, taxes and ways to measure are difficult to apply solely on a national basis. Knowledge and information “leak” to where demand is highest and the barriers are lowest. Knowledge enhanced products or services can command price premiums over comparable products with low embedded knowledge or knowledge intensity. Pricing and value depends heavily on context. Thus the same information or knowledge can have vastly different value to different people, or even to the same person at different times. Knowledge when locked into systems or processes has higher inherent value than when it can “walk out of the door” in people’s heads.

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Human capital — competencies — are a key component of value in a knowledge-based company, yet few companies report competency levels in annual reports. In contrast, downsizing is often seen as a positive “cost cutting” measure. Communication is increasingly being seen as fundamental to knowledge flows. Social structures, cultural context and other factors influencing social relations are therefore of fundamental importance to knowledge economies. These characteristics require new ideas and approaches from policy makers, managers and knowledge workers. The knowledge economy has manifold forms in which it may appear but there are predictions that the new economy will extend radically, creating a pattern in which even ideas will be recognised and identified as a commodity. The technology requirements for an Innovative System as described by the World Bank Institute must be able to disseminate a unified process by which a working method may converge scientific and technology solutions, and organizational solutions.

ICTs and sustainable development in order to participate in the knowledge economy they need to intervene collectively and strategically. Roads to perdition in the knowledge economy. The nature of technology: What it is and how it evolves. Knowledge Economics: Principles, Practices and Policies. Discussion Papers from United Nations University, Institute for New Technologies, No. Knowledge, Productivity, and Innovation in Nigeria: Creating a New Economy. Innovation Policies For a Knowledge Economy.

Building a knowledge-driven city The case of the Gran Sasso Science Institute in L ‘Aquila, Italy”. Engagement in the Knowledge Economy: Regional Patterns of Content Creation with a Focus on Sub-Saharan Africa”. Automatic Fuzzy Ontology Generation for Semantic Web”. IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering.

United Nations Commission on Science and Technology for Development. Report of the Working Group on ICTs for Development prepared for the 3rd Session. Increasing Returns and the New World of Business. The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A Venture in Social Forecasting. The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in the United States. Clusters and the New Economics of Competition.

Public Policy in Knowledge-Based Economies: Foundations and Frameworks. Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. With 189 member countries, staff from more 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. The World Bank Group works in every major area of development. We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. We face big challenges to help the world’s poorest people and ensure that everyone sees benefits from economic growth.

Data and research help us understand these challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and measure progress. In the past 30 years, Malaysia has successfully curtailed high poverty rates and reduced income inequalities. Its goal is to attain high income status by 2020 while ensuring that growth is sustainable. Since gaining independence in 1957, Malaysia has successfully diversified its economy from one that was initially agriculture and commodity-based, to one that now plays host to robust manufacturing and services sectors, that have propelled it to become a leading exporter of electrical appliances, electronic parts and components.

toward an inclusive global economy

Malaysia is one of the most open economies in the world, with a trade to GDP ratio averaging over 140 percent since 2010. This low-income group remains particularly vulnerable to economic shocks as well as increases in the cost of living and mounting financial obligations. Income inequality in Malaysia remains high relative to other East Asian countries, but is gradually declining. Malaysia’s near-term economic outlook remains favorable, reflecting a well-diversified and open economy that has successfully weathered the impact of external shocks.

This is bolstered by strong macroeconomic management, with low and stable inflation and on-track fiscal consolidation. The financial system remains well-functioning and regulated, boasting a well-capitalized banking system and deep capital markets. While significant, Malaysia’s productivity growth over the past 25 years has been below those in several global and regional comparators. Over the medium to long-term, the need to accelerate productivity growth has become more pressing as traditional growth engines have slowed. The World Bank Group’s current partnership with Malaysia is focused on knowledge-sharing.

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It is centered on support for Malaysia’s vision to join the ranks of high income economies by 2020 through inclusive and sustainable growth, and to share its lessons with developing countries. In March 2016, the World Bank Group officially launched its Global Knowledge and Research Hub in Malaysia. The new Hub is the first of its kind, serving both as a field presence in Malaysia and as a global knowledge and research hub. It focuses on sharing Malaysia’s people-centered development expertise and creating new innovative policy research on local, regional and global issues. Pillar 1: Sharing the Malaysia Experience with the World. Malaysia Experience’ is relevant for developing countries in Asia and across regions that are transitioning out of poverty. Pillar 2: Supporting Malaysia’s Goal of Becoming a High-Income Economy.

The World Bank Group’s international experience will provide Malaysia with a wide array of development solutions and expertise, customized to specific challenges. Pillar 3: Learning Together for Global Solutions. The new hub carries out cutting-edge development policy research in partnership with local and international research institutions. Find out more about the World Bank Group Global Knowledge and Research Hub in Malaysia here. It also provides in-depth analysis of a topic relevant to Malaysia’s long-term development. The Hub is forging strategic collaborations with academia, civil societies and private-sector bodies in aims of progressing further in research, capacity-building and knowledge-sharing amongst South-South countries.

The Hub has published two issues of the Development Digest, a semi-annual publication showcasing the work arising from the Hub to share the Malaysia Development Experience and the research outputs from the Global Research team. This digest is widely disseminated to development practitioners and policy-makers in Malaysia and beyond. The Hub has collaborated with a number of Malaysian institutions such as Bank Negara Malaysia, Economic Planning Unit, Securities Commission Malaysia, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysian Economic Association, International Centre for Education in Islamic Finance, Khazanah Research Institute, Asia School of Business, and Asia Financial Inclusion. Enlarging the middle-class society is critical to reducing income inequality and promoting prosperity. The World Bank Group, All Rights Reserved. Can You Buy a Bagel With It? Richelieu Dennis grew his community-based health and beauty products business into the multimillion-dollar Sundial Brands.

toward an inclusive global economy

Morgan Stanley employees are giving back to their communities in June, starting with a 24-hour around-the-world campaign on June 1st to fight child hunger. In 2017, the global economy rode a wave of synchronous growth, low inflation and low volatility. But Investment Management Chief Global Strategist Ruchir Sharma says five trends could make 2018 a very different environment. 2017 will likely be remembered as the year investors rode a wave of favorable trends: Global growth synchronized, inflation remained persistently low despite tightening labor markets and low volatility in both developed and emerging markets set a tone of unusual calm.

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While Sharma believes that we may have more months of euphoria ahead, his takeaway for investors is to be aware of the exit door in regard to illiquid investments. But according to Ruchir Sharma, Head of Emerging Markets and Chief Global Strategist at Morgan Stanley Investment Management, these trends may be poised to turn. Despite above-trend global economic momentum, there are some cyclical and structural signs that point to peak growth. Record lows in global unemployment rates point toward peak employment. The recent jolt of volatility may signal the end of peak calm. And all of this is coming at a time when liquidity is peaking across the world. Sharma’s top five trends for the year focus on these peaks and detail how each could shape markets and economies in 2018 and beyond.

In terms of commodities, you have to look at countries like Brazil and Russia, which have gone from slumps of negative economic growth to now registering positive economic growth this year. However, the question is, can commodity prices go higher from here? So although we’re seeing a boost from commodity-producing economies, it could be limiting. A lack of global investment may also hamper further growth. So now China is heavily overinvested, and the Western world is underinvested.

But since 2005, the rate of growth has dropped to an average of 1 percent. From 1950 to 2008, the postwar miracle period, the global economy experienced an unprecedented boom that coincided with an increase in the working-age population. Although the current economic conditions are considered boom-like, global economic growth today is nowhere close to what we experienced over that period. As a silver living, Sharma says this trend has resulted in falling unemployment rates, which calms some fears about automation replacing workers in developed nations. Even emerging markets are seeing about as low a level as we have seen since data was captured.

Sharma points out that if you examine the long-term trend from 1950 to today, the U. 25 percent above its long-term trend. 5 His concern is that if markets correct for some reason and return to their long-term trend, it could be enough to tilt the U. The rising stock market may have contributed somewhere between a half and 1 percent of the GDP growth rate in 2017. 6 And that is just in stocks.

The unwinding of this central bank experiment has already begun in the U. But by the end of the year all of the central banks will likely begin to see a contraction in their balance sheets. Until recently, the 12-month trailing volatility for global markets has been the lowest ever recorded. 8 In the past year that’s been justified because economic growth volatility and inflation volatility have been so low. In any typical year9 the U. Last year the maximum drawdown was barely 3 percent.

And for emerging markets it’s even more staggering. He notes that even during the bull years of 2003 to 2007, emerging markets would typically see a 20 percent correction every year. Last year the largest drawdown was barely 5 percent. Sharma believes that as interest rates rise, so too will volatility. When interest rates rise, there’s always some trouble. Given the fact that the Fed began increasing interest rates at the end of 2015, by the middle of this year we should expect to see a rise in volatility based on this historical relationship. Think about how you might be positioned if the tide turns.

Many emerging markets are still in the early stages of what appears to be an upturn after a long economic adjustment. There’s barely an emerging market in the world today where the current account deficit is more than 3 percent of GDP,11 which is very different from what it was four years ago during the taper tantrum. 1 MSIM EM Research, JP Morgan Research, IMF, World Bank as of February 2018. 4 MSIM EM Research, BIS, Mckinsey, WFE, IMF as of January 2018.

5 MSIM EM Research, Bloomberg as of January 2018. 6 MSIM EM Research, GS Research, JPM Research, IMF as of January 2018. 7 MSIM EM Research, Federal Reserve, European Central Bank, Bank of Japan, People’s Bank of China as of February 2018. 9 Based on data from January 2018 going back to 1988. 10 MSIM EM Research, using data going back to 1988 as of January 2018. 11 MSIM EM Research, Haver Analytics, IMF, as of February 2018.

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