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Top 5 Most Expensive Phones Ever’s proposed new ultra-high speed rail line. 7bn in 2010 and were last updated in 2015, but despite the fact Government said the last increase was purely to account for inflation, an FOI request we submitted showed this was a lie. Phase 1 would not run until 2026 at the earliest, with stations in just Birmingham and London.

Nottingham and Leeds but is currently due for completion in 2033. The proposed Sheffield station was recently cancelled, and whilst the Government state they intend to build a station near Crewe, the cost of this is not incorporated into the official estimates. Whilst there were previous proposals to link HS2 to Heathrow Airport and the Channel Tunnel, these have both been shelved, with no reduction to the cost of the project. Many issues about the Government’s proposal for HS2 and about high-speed rail in general have been raised in the course of our inquiry.

We have pointed to a number of areas that we believe need to be addressed by the Government in the course of progressing HS2. In 2010, when the then Labour government decided to back HS2, we did so based on the best estimates of what it would involve. But these were almost entirely speculative. The decision was also partly politically driven.

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In addition to the projected cost, we gave insufficient attention to the massive disruption to many people’s lives construction would bring. The reality was that the decision to proceed with HS2 was made in a policy vaccum, without any assessment of what was best for Britains transport infrastructure. Sir Rod Eddington warned the Department for Transport of what was happening when they commissioned him to produce a detailed report on transport policy. It is critical that the government enforces a strong, strategic approach to option generation, so that it can avoid momentum building up behind particular solutions and the UK can avoid costly mistakes which will not be the most effective way of delivering on its strategic priorities.

The risk is that transport policy can become the pursuit of icons. The resources absorbed by such projects could often be much better used elsewhere. The approach taken to the development of some very high-speed rail line options has been the opposite of the approach advocated in this study. That is, the challenge to be tackled has not been fully understood before a solution has been generated. The main reason there have been so many justifications over the years is that the decision to proceed with HS2 was made without any real justification after strong lobbying from advocates in the construction industry.

UK we only have 68 miles of high speed rail, namely HS1 in Kent. This is simply not the case, as with the globally accepted definition of what qualifies as high speed rail being trains and tracks capable of 124mph, we have had high speed rail since the 1970s. In 2009, the House of Commons library stated that for the area of the country, we had the third most developed high speed rail network in the world, and more has been upgraded since then. The original set of MPs who supported HS2 did so because they saw it as an alternative to building a third runway at Heathrow. Leeds and Manchester to Birmingham, Heathrow, London, Paris and Brussels.

That will take huge pressures off Heathrow. The current official estimate of the electricity HS2 will need stands at 800MW. To put that into context, that’s half the output of one of the reactors planned for Hinkley C, and in more than the total electricity produced by some power stations in the UK. It is also the case that, to fiddle the figures in the business case, HS2 Ltd have estimated that electricity price inflation will stop around 2035, so for the next 20 years they forecast cost of electricity will go up, and then it will never go up again. So far the Department has made decisions based on fragile numbers, out-of-date data and assumptions which do not reflect real life. With HS2, they have completely fiddled the figures on two massively false assumptions. First, the Government say that all time on trains is wasted, no-one ever does any work on a train.

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From that, they say that faster journey times have a cash benefit to the economy, quite literally time is money. The Government then put a cash value on this time, based on the idea that everyone on trains earns massively above average earnings, and they then multiply it by a grossly inflated passenger forecast and this magics up billions of pounds worth of economic benefits. It is worth knowing that High Speed Rail projects across the world never manage to attract the passenger forecasts which were used to justify building them. Here in the UK, HS1 currently carries about 10 million passengers per year, about a third of what was forecast originally. Government also have based their figures on HS2 making a profit, despite the fact only two high speed rail lines in the whole world manage that. None of the high speed lines should have been built and that none has a chance of being profitable.

The problem is that this is that all the experts concur that when high speed rail connects two cities, the economic benefits flow to the dominant city, in this case London. Looking at the international evidence, there is no question that London will be the greatest beneficiary from HS2. 250,000 to invent a brand-new, untested methodology to in an attempt to bolster the case for HS2, they also came to this conclusion. So while HS2 is touted as if it were a magic wand to cure the North-South divide, the reality is it will most likely make it worse. Northern politicians, academics, and business leaders.

Many of them agree that East-West links are more important. With stations proposed for green belt areas in the East Midlands, Crewe and near Birmingham Airport, development here is likely to mainly consist of residential developments to feed even more commuters into London, rather than genuine regeneration. In the UK, HS1 has not led to a great deal of regeneration in Kent. The perfect example of this is the HS1 station at Ebbsfleet.

This connection was supposed to deliver economic development, but as of yet has only delivered a large, under-used car park. Garden City’, or more rightly a dormitory town for London commuters, next to the station. The same thing happened in Lyon as many businesses closed their regional offices or moved to Paris. The idea that HS2 is needed for capacity reasons is superficially compelling as everyone who uses trains regularly has been on a busy train. HS2 Ltd point to overall rail growth to illustrate this, despite the fact the vast majority of this is on short journeys, not the inter-city routs HS2 is designed for.

It is true that any new railway will increase capacity, but unlike alternative rail programmes, HS2 would not deliver any incremental gains: it is all or nothing with no additional capacity being delivered until Phase 1 is expected to be completed in 2027. But the reality is that overcrowding is worst on commuter and regional trains and other major rail corridors into London are closer to their capacity limits. The graph HS2 Ltd like to use about rail growth, with the reality about long-distance journeys added on. 3 billion, is a fundamental part of the HS2 economic case. Yet whenever pressed, iHS2 Ltd claimed rail service patterns would be decided by a future Secretary of State. Britains Busiest Train’ of 2013 from London to Crewe was heralded as the perfect example for why HS2 was needed: however by the time passenger figures had been published in 2014, it was no longer crowded, having been extended from 4 to 8 carriages. Then the Government argue that there is no room for more trains on the track.

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This is in spite of the DfT’s own data showing that even in peak hours, most long-distance trains on the West Coast Main Line are barely half-full. They continued, that if a new line is to be built, it should be high speed as that is not an excessive additional cost and it will maximise the potential benefits. However, since then, London Midland changed their timetable and adding seven trains in peak hours out of Euston in 2014, showing that there was space. Permission was given in 2015 year for new London-Blackpool services and only around half the freight paths on the line are currently used. The DfT has gone on to undermine their own case, stating that between 7-8pm, just after peak fares end, the West Coast fast lines out of Euston have a current capacity of 15 to 16 trains per hour, despite the fact that during that period there are only 11 or 12 trains using the fast lines. The entire WCML timetable is effectively dictated by the 20-minute even interval service pattern between London Euston and each of Birmingham New Street and Manchester Piccadilly.

This pattern is inherently incompatible with maximum utilisation of key route sections. However, the Autumn 2014 data showed there were only 24 out of 1000 passengers standing on Fridays and 7 out of 1000 on other weekdays, highlighting the fact that capacity out of Euston is hardly the urgent capacity crisis on the rail network. 260m on a flyover at Ledburn Junction. What’s more, HS2 Ltd are assuming that they will be able to run 18 trains per hour in each direction, but evidence to the earlier Transport Select Committee review of HS2 was that nowhere in the world ran 18 trains per hour on a high speed network. HS2 is presented as the only possible solution to an urgent problem, even though improvements to the existing railway can supply the new capacity that the railway industry say we need.

These could be operational long before HS2 opens, and all represent better value for money. It has also been said that HS2 is needed to increase freight capacity. If space for freight is needed, why build a railway which will not carry freight? 56bn on HS2 has a huge opportunity cost, and over recent years other rail projects have been scaled back, cancelled and delayed. 20 years, that many other projects will have to be cancelled as HS2 will demand all the money in the transport budget. Alternatives to HS2 would not cost as much as HS2 and are much better value for money, would benefit far more people, better balanced in meeting needs across the whole country. These alternatives could be implemented much sooner than HS2.

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These investments would still leave funds to extend the roll-out of super-fast broadband. There are also high speed projects, such as HSUK, which have been completely ignored, despite the fact they have lower environmental impacts, more passenger benefits, and lower costs to build and run. The design speed affects every decision about the railway. HS2 blasts through sensitive wildlife sites and communities, because the speed means the tracks need to be as straight as possible. Possible connections between HS2 and other railways, such as the East West Railway, have been ignored.

The economic case for HS2 is reliant on the assumption that time on trains is wasted, so if trains were slower, these invented economic benefits would be smaller. HS2 threatens 350 unique habitats, 98 irreplaceable ancient woods, 30 river corridors, 24 Sites of Special Scientific Interest plus hundreds of other sensitive areas. The ultra-high design speed of 250mph, dictates HS2 tracks have to be as straight as possible, and cannot curve round these important sensitive sites or communities. Kent Principles’, which made environmental and mitigation concerns central to the choice of the route to the Channel Tunnel. As a result, HS1 follows the existing major transport corridors of the M2 and M20 and minimised damage to communities and sensitive sites. Despite predictions that new technology would take the place of travel, our demand for both has soared.

We’ve seen the launch of Skype, Twitter and faster, smarter tablets and phones, all in just over 15 years. In the same time, rail journeys have doubled to 1. The implication conflicts with detailed studies by Government departments. Overall long-distance travel has been falling, and car usage has been static for the last 15 years, following a period of growth from the 1950s. In contrast, rail usage was static for much of that period, before it began to grow again, after privatisation. In recent years, owning and running a car has becoming increasingly expensive: The costs of fuel and car insurance have rocketed, pricing younger drivers out of cars.

Anti-congestion measures have further discouraged car use in towns and city centres. It is a deliberate twisting of the argument, and HS2 Ltd have not used any studies to argue for this assertion. Instead they have dotted a few events in internet history on a graph of rail growth from the Office of Rail Regulation, but this assertion that improved technology will increase travel is not borne out by detailed studies by other government departments such as by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. With affordable faster broadband with low latency now widely available, we anticipate that the next few years will see this trend increasingly applying to smaller businesses. On HS1, not only are the high speed tickets more expensive, but the fares for the conventional speed alternatives have been increasing more than most other fares to try and make HS1 more attractive. 10bn more than expected because it has not hit passenger forecasts.

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With higher energy and maintenance costs than a normal railway, the only way to keep HS2 fares in line with current services would be a massive increase in taxpayer subsidy for HS2. Speed-based pricing is already evident on London-Birmingham routes as demonstrated by the price comparisons between Virgin, London Midland and Chiltern, with slower trains being correspondingly cheaper. It is clear that excluding premium pricing in the HS2 model has only been adopted to make the passenger numbers work. Basically, HS2 will mean putting in a massive subsidy to run something which will only benefit the richest in society.

Across the globe, we have seen high speed rail projects are being scaled back across the on financial grounds. Portugal, Poland, Spain, the Netherlands and Belgium have all cancelled planned or existing high speed rail projects. France has even cancelled all new TGV railways not already under construction, with the president of SNCF admitting the focus on the TGV had starved conventional speed railways of funding. Minister locked in farm by campaigner refuses to accept complaint from HS2 Ltd whistleblower.

HS2 Ltd begin cynical corporate greenwashing exercise on a smallholding they made uneconomical to farm, in the area of most habitat loss. Since the advent of mobile phones, the cell phone spying has always been a curious topic. So, let’s move forward with more information on best cell phone spy softwares. That is why I have created a list of Top Cell Phone Spy Softwares 2018. After researching online and spending hours in testing these stealth apps, I have shortlisted the top 5 spy apps which you can buy right now anonymously.

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Spy offers four ways to contact them: phone, email, live chat, or a support ticket. You don’t even need to install an app to the device itself. Its not just a simple keylogger app, its an advanced cell phone monitoring software. XNSPY can work without any need to jailbreak the target iOS device.

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To avail the services, you will only need Apple ID and Password of the target device. Password of the device which you want to monitor. Next thing, you must be aware of is the pricing and support. I had gone through some very bad times with such software and wasted a lot of my time.

So please, use them for legal cause only or else you may run into troubles later on. Purchase: It is secured by Avantgate payment gateway so your financial details are safe and secure. OS device as it comes with NO JAILBREAK feature. IM Tracking: Well good news for you, apart from normal IMs tracking you can also track the IMs like Whatsapp as well as Skype. And yeah, this tracking doesn’t even need the installation.

Keylogger: It is amongst the very few applications that offer this feature. You can peep on the targeted devices’ texts messages even if the targeted gadget has not been rooted yet. If you are seeking the finest solution for tracking the Instant Messaging then you must opt out for this one. Also, personalized telephonic support is there.

This specifically designed cell phone spy app works superfine when it comes to monitoring, like we say, our children. We also need an app to monitor kids phones specifically. I must say that this app works superior for the job for which it has been developed. Offers compatibility with all the Operating systems. That means you don’t have the access to the targeted mobile in order to install the upgrades. It does it remotely and automatically.

Comparing with other gsm spy apps, this remote monitoring software has very few features and programmers haven’t designed flexibly to the user-end. It would be best if you choose basic services and at the same time it is too expensive when compared to other spy gear for phones remotely. Features are good for the basic installation, but it would be better if you don’t choose this app when compared with other services. Extreme Version may sound a bit costly but it’s the only app that is offering highly advanced features like call interceptor and recording. Only the person who designed programming can understand easily than a normal person. Spy apps, of such kind, must be easy to use and hard to understand the programming as the target shouldn’t find such app was installed on their device.

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But in this flexi Spy app, it is so difficult to install the software. Tracking a cell location from computer monitoring software is now as easy as 1 2 3! Call Logs: Spy call cell phone app helps to monitor the call logs of your target. How to spy on someone’s text messages? Spy on text messages without access to target phone and track cell phone text messages without target phone. Gallery: Go through what there is in devices’ Gallery. Notifications: Tasks or notifications saved for future.

Pro Version notifies you whenever the target changes the SIM and you can track the mobile without GPS as well. With this version, you can also capture the surrounding voices. Safe Application: You are always at safety as the target person won’t get kind of notifications and you can track your phone online for free without any issues. For Tablet phone users, it would not be possible if they don’t have access to the Internet and calling facility to use this app.

This app mainly reliable for android apps though it accessible to other operating systems. Also, the installation process is very easy. One of the most reliable and awesome spy app for users, who are seeking for the top-quality spy app with advanced features to track their targets details. Monitoring: Monitors phone calls, spy on cell phone messages and GPS tracking etc which can be viewed with your personal device. Activity Monitoring: You can also monitor the targeted device and observe their activities lively. Anonymity: You can access their device without their knowledge.

Access Features: You can lock their phone, uninstall their apps, and also can access emails. Picture Capturing: You can also take pictures from the targeted phone. Money Back Guarantee: They are offering 30 days money back guarantee. Also, you have the option to cancel your subscription anytime. Great Support: It has customer support which is responsible for online products. You can call them on their toll-free number during 9 AM to 5 PM EST from Monday to Friday.

21 you can avail the premium support offering 1 to 1 telephonic support. 21 you can protect the download you have bought and try free cell phone spy download without any additional payment. And the monthly rental for using facebook spy app is reasonable and comfortable for all users. You will be satisfied with this spy phone tracker. Because of its pricing and some standout features, I would give it 10 on 10. You won’t find such features on such low rates anywhere else. Keystroke and Screenshots: With keystroke logging, you can break all the passwords with ease as well as you can capture the screenshot of the target device.

Applications: It lets you check out all the applications along with their name and icons in the target device. Alerts and Restrictions: You have the power to block any inappropriate website as well as installed applications on the target device. Along with monthly reporting, you also get custom alerts set by you. Just install the app and start monitoring activity free.

You can approach them through E-mails or their support phone number or live chat. Apart from that, you can go through the FAQ and Resource section in case you need quick resolution. When you use this app for computer systems, you can have clear cut screen shots of the activities by the target. This app would be good for the users who are willing to monitor computer system of the target. This application offers you quick reporting and their spontaneous and minimalistic user interface saves a lot of your time. Should check the security system of the spy app, to avoid viruses in your device or your target device.

There were many spy apps in Google play store. But almost many won’t work and the one which works can charge more fees. Hence, you should compare its features and also pricing details with other stealth apps, to avoid wrong decisions. Check the company details of the spy software and confirm its customer support and also its address and contact details.