Type or paste a DOI name into the theta Chi & Zeta Tau Alpha Football Mixer box. No more missed important software updates! The database recognizes 1,746,000 software titles and delivers updates for your software including minor upgrades. Download the free trial version below to get started.
Double-click the downloaded file to install the software. The Premium Edition adds important features such as complete software maintenance, security advisory, frequent minor upgrade versions, downloads, Pack exports and imports, 24×7 scheduling and more. Simply double-click the downloaded file to install it. You can choose your language settings from within the program. The fraternity has 244 active chapters across the United States and Canada and has initiated more than 300,000 members. Sigma Chi is divided into six operational entities: the Sigma Chi Fraternity, the Sigma Chi Foundation, the Sigma Chi Canadian Foundation, the Risk Management Foundation, Constantine Capital Inc.
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Like all fraternities, Sigma Chi has its own colors, insignia, and rituals. According to the fraternity’s constitution, “the purpose of this fraternity shall be to cultivate and maintain the high ideals of friendship, justice, and learning upon which Sigma Chi was founded”. Sigma Chi was founded in 1855 by Benjamin Piatt Runkle, Thomas Cowan Bell, William Lewis Lockwood, Isaac M. In the fall of 1854 the literary society was to elect its Poet and a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon was nominated for the position. In February 1855 Runkle and his companions planned a dinner for their brothers in an attempt to seal the rift. Whitelaw Reid, one of the other brothers who supported the Delta Kappa Epsilon member as poet, was the only one to arrive.
Reid brought a Delta Kappa Epsilon alumnus named Minor Millikin from a nearby town. The six men decided to form their own fraternity along with William Lewis Lockwood, a student from New York who had not joined a fraternity. On June 28, 1855, the organization was founded under the name Sigma Phi Fraternity. Lockwood used his business training to help organize the fraternity in its early years. Much of Sigma Chi’s heraldry was inspired by the legendary story of the Emperor Constantine from the Battle of Milvian Bridge against Maxentius.
Runkle helped design the badge of Sigma Chi based on the story of Constantine and the vision of the Cross. Benjamin Piatt Runkle circa 1857, then an undergraduate student at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. He was twenty-three years old when Sigma Chi was founded, second oldest of the founders. He graduated from Miami University in 1857 and began teaching.
He was the only founder who had not been a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon. He was considered the “businessman” of the founders and managed the first chapter’s funds and general operations, becoming the first treasurer of Sigma Chi. After graduating from Miami University in 1858 he moved back to New York and began work as a lawyer. Mifflinburg, Pennsylvania as Isaac Alfred Jordan. Cooper was the oldest founder and was elected the first consul of Sigma Chi.
After graduating from Miami University in 1857 he became a Presbyterian minister. Scobey was considered The Spirit of Sigma Chi for being friendly with everybody and not just a select group of people. After graduating from Miami University in 1858 he went on to graduate again in 1861 with a law degree. By the age of thirteen Caldwell had completed all academics which could be offered at his local academy.
He was then sent to Miami University with advanced credits. Caldwell was just fourteen at the time of the founding making him the youngest of the founders. John Dixon, a brother from the Psi Chapter at the University of Virginia who fought for the Confederacy, kept a record of all Sigma Chis within his vicinity on the flyleaf of his diary during the American Civil War. It was ascertained that a number of the fraternity were in the army of Tennessee under General Joseph E.
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Johnston during the Atlanta campaign in 1864. It was conceded that the South was forever disunited from the general government, and it was assumed that all chapters throughout the South would cease to exist. Dixon and Yerger contacted all brothers listed in the diary who could come to the meeting. They met at night in a deserted log cabin a few miles southwest of Atlanta.
The cabin was in a state of frightful dilapidation. Its rude walls and rafters were covered with soot and cobwebs, and the floor showed evidences of having been the resting place of sundry heaps of sheep. The only badge in the chapter was one Dixon had made from a silver half-dollar. The last meeting was held New Year’s Day 1865. The men at that meeting passed a resolution to pay a “tribute of respect” to the four brothers from the chapter who had died during the war. In May 1939 the Constantine Chapter Memorial was erected by Sigma Chi in memory of the Constantine Chapter and its members.
The memorial is located on U. White became president of Purdue University. He required each applicant for admission to sign a pledge “not to join or belong to any so-called Greek society or other college secret society” while attending the school. In the fall of 1881, Thomas P. Hawley applied for admission to the university.
Having already been initiated into Sigma Chi, Hawley refused to sign the pledge and was denied admission. Hawley took Purdue to court, but the judge ruled in favor of the faculty’s decision. He also ruled, however, that the faculty had no right to deny Hawley from his classes based on the fraternity issue. Postcard of Sigma Chi House in Ann Arbor, Michigan, c. During the first half of the 20th century the General Fraternity expanded in many places.
In 1899 the Fraternity adopted the flag design created by Henry V. In 1901 the Grand Chapter approved the Fraternity’s pledge pin. In 1903 at the Grand Chapter in Detroit the Board of Grand Trustees was established. Coming into the beginning of the 20th century, Sigma Chi had installed a total of 74 chapters with 58 still active. Having only established a centralized form of government in 1922, Sigma Chi was installing new chapters at a rate of about one chapter per year.
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The Sigma Chi Foundation was created on November 9, 1939 when the Sigma Chi Endowment Foundation was incorporated in Colorado. This educational endowment was first discussed in 1898 by alumni who wanted to assist undergraduates financially so they could finish their undergraduate studies. The world wars of the 20th century took the lives of 103 Sigs in World War I and 738 in World War II. A great resurgence in undergraduate activity followed World War II due to an increase in chapter memberships. This increase was caused by the men returning from military service who went back to school as well as the usual addition of new brothers. During World War II it became apparent to the General Fraternity officers that a few alumni as well as a few undergraduate chapters believed some of the prerequisites for membership in Sigma Chi were outdated and should be changed or eliminated. This led to the first discussions about membership within the fraternity that continued until early in 1970.
Until this time, membership requirements had specified that a potential member must be a “bona fide white male student”. Daniel William Cooper was the last founder to die. Cooper’s death led up to the Fraternity gaining one of its most priceless objects, Cooper’s Sigma Phi badge. The badge of Sigma Chi is a white cross with white and black enamel. Two gold chains connect the two upper arms.
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Crossed keys are in the upper arm, an eagle’s head lies in the left arm, and a scroll lies in its right arm. In the bottom arm lie two clasped hands and seven stars. The seal of Sigma Chi is circular. On the outer edge is “Sigma Chi Fraternity” and at the bottom are the numbers “1855”. In the middle lie seven stars and a seven-branched candlestick.
The crest of Sigma Chi is a blue Norman Shield with a white cross in its center. On top of the Norman Shield is a scroll and a crest of an eagle’s head holding a key. Below it, the fraternity’s public motto, “In Hoc Signo Vinces” is placed on a scroll. It can be translated as, “In this sign, you will conquer. Officers in undergraduate chapters mostly have titles derived from Imperial Rome. Those titles are the primary officers common to all chapters.
Alumni chapter positions and duties may also vary from chapter to chapter. Alumni chapters use the more common office titles such as: president, vice-president, secretary, and treasurer. The international organization uses similar Roman titles, typically with the prefix of “Grand”. The Grand Consul is the international president of Sigma Chi.
Grand Chapter is the supreme legislative body of Sigma Chi and convenes on odd numbered years. It is composed of one delegate from each active undergraduate chapter and alumni chapter, the Grand Consul and Past Grand Consuls, each being entitled to one vote. The Grand Chapter elects the officers of the Fraternity as well as alter or amend the Constitution, Statutes, and Executive Committee Regulations. The Grand Council meets every year when no Grand Chapter is held. The Grand Council consists of the Grand Officers, Past Grand Consuls, members of the Executive Committee, Grand Trustees, Grand Praetors, members of the Leadership Training Board and one undergraduate from each province. It may amend the Statutes or Executive Committee Regulations.
The Executive Committee meets at least four times a year. Grand Consul, Grand Pro Consul, Grand Quaestor, the immediate Past Grand Consul, a Grand Trustee elected by the Board of Grand Trustees, two Grand Praetors elected by the Praetorial College, one alumnus member-at-large, two undergraduate representatives elected by the undergraduate delegates from each chapter, and the two most recent International Balfour Award winners. The Sigma Chi Foundation is a charitable and educational tax-exempt organization, separate and independent from the Fraternity, whose express purpose is to serve as an educational funding resource for the undergraduate and graduate student members of the Sigma Chi Fraternity. A Board of Governors, headed by Chairman Bob Johnson, governs the Foundation. The Foundation’s President and CEO is Ashley Woods and the Foundation’s offices are based in Evanston, Ill. The Sigma Chi Canadian Foundation is the Canadian counterpart of The Sigma Chi Foundation. It serves independently of both the fraternity and the American foundation.
It was formed by Canadian Sigma Chi Alumni as a registered charitable foundation to provide a tax-effective way for Canadian Sigma Chi to support the educational pursuits of Canadian undergraduate chapters. Undergraduate members receive training for specific roles within their chapter. Alumni volunteers are also given mentorship training. The BLTW is named after the 29th Grand Consul of the Fraternity, Lloyd G. Horizons is a six-day workshop for undergraduate brothers. The program aims to create lifelong values-based leaders. Mission 365 is a recruitment workshop.
Participants are taught how to “increase both the quality and quantity” of potential new members. The Journey Program is self-improvement training for undergraduate chapters. There are six Journey workshops, each with a specific aim to better one aspect of the chapter. The Sigma Chi Choices program and The Sigma Chi Crossroads Workshop both aim to combat drug and alcohol abuse and address mental health among members.
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Sigma Chi Lifeline is an online resource for those suffering from mental illness. The program aims to prevent suicide among college students by providing information and support for those affected by emotional and mental health issues. Derby Days is a series of charity events held by all Sigma Chi chapters. Throughout the course of a week, a participating chapter organizes and hosts a series of events and competitions among their campus’ sororities. Money is raised through either donations, or through fundraising-type events. Hosting a Derby Days event is not mandatory for any chapter.
In honor of notable Sigma Chi alumni and NFL Hall of Fame inductee Merlin Olsen September 15 is recognized by the fraternity as the Merlin Olsen Day of Service. On this day, members of the fraternity are encouraged to volunteer to improve their communities. The organization was introduced to the fraternity by Olsen in 1992. Since then Sigma Chi alumni and undergraduate chapters have raised more than 6. Every chapter has a CMNH affiliate within less than 200 miles, with each chapter donating to the nearest affiliated hospital. It was chosen at Sigma Chi’s 150th anniversary celebration in 2005.
The Huntsman Cancer Institute today is dedicated to researching the causes, treatments, and preventative methods of cancer. The fraternity also gives out three alumni awards: The Significant Sig Award is given to a member who has excelled greatly in his field of study or occupation. The first seven Significant Sig awards were given to George Ade, Roy Chapman Andrews, John T. Most undergraduate chapters elect a female associated with the chapter as the chapter sweetheart. At each Grand Chapter, the fraternity chooses a Sweetheart from one chapter to be the International Sweetheart of Sigma Chi for two years.
The International Sweetheart Award is presented based on personality, character, campus involvement, Sigma Chi activities, general accomplishments, poise, and grace. The Military Service Recognition Pin recognizes honorably discharged veterans or currently serving members of the armed forces who are in good standing with the Sigma Chi Fraternity. The pin consists of a single Norman-style sword thrust upward with a small Sigma Chi Norman Shield with a cross embossed upon it placed upon the lower end of the blade just above the hilt and is to be worn on the brother’s lapel. The Magazine of Sigma Chi is the official quarterly publication for undergraduate and alumni brothers of the Sigma Chi Fraternity.
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First published in 1881 at Gettysburg College, Theta Chapter, as The Sigma Chi, publication eventually moved to Chicago and the name was changed to The Sigma Chi Quarterly. The Norman Shield is the reference manual of the Fraternity. It was authorized by the 24th Grand Consul Herbert C. Arms at the 1924 Grand Chapter. It was first compiled in 1929 by Arthur Vos, Jr. Sigma Chi has alumni who are notable in many different industries and fields.
In response to concerns over safety, negative publicity, and difficulty in getting insurance Sigma Chi announced a zero-tolerance stance on the issue of hazing on January 31, 2005. The chapter at the University of Nebraska was suspended for hazing and alcohol consumption violations. The chapter at the University of Alabama was sued by a former pledge after he was severely beaten by fraternity members at a party that resulted in serious injuries, depression, and severe anxiety. The chapter was also cited for providing alcohol to underage people. The chapter at the University of Dayton was suspended for three years for damaging a store’s property, urinating inside the store and exposing themselves to passersby. A fraternity member at Westminster College served 120 days in jail for violently beating up one of his fraternity brothers. The chapter at the University of Central Florida was placed on suspension after photos surfaced on social media of pledges being forced to consume alcohol and sick from over-consuming alcohol.
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Three Sigma Chi members at James Madison University were found guilty of sexually assaulting a female student and distributing a recording of the incident. The members were banned from the campus after their graduation. The chapter at the University of West Virginia had six members arrested and cited by the Morgantown police department for hazing pledges and facilitating underage drinking. The University of Dayton permanently banned the fraternity after a member’s death revealed the chapter had not been abiding by the parameters of its suspension. The University of Houston suspended its Sigma Chi chapter for hazing. The university also suspended five students pending investigation, and forwarded its findings to the district attorney.
The university has accused the national organization of withholding information about the chapter’s activities. Westminster College and the national fraternity jointly suspended that school’s chapter. The suspension was in response to hazing, academic problems, and racist and sexist comments by members on social media. The chapter at Indiana University of Pennsylvania was suspended by its national governing board after a woman was violently pinned down and raped by a student who was not a member or a pledge of the Fraternity. A Sigma Chi member at Utah State University was kicked out the fraternity after being charged with two counts of rape and aggravated sexual assault. The attacks are believed to have taken place at the fraternity house.
The chapter at Brown University was suspended for facilitating sexual misconduct and hosting an unauthorized party with alcohol. The chapter at Louisiana State University was shut down for repeatedly hazing pledges and illegal drug use in the fraternity house. Two months before the chapter closure a 21 years old fraternity member died of a heroin overdose. Sigma Chi was the 5th fraternity at USC to be closed or suspended since fall 2014. The chapter at the University of Arkansas was suspended for repeatedly hazing pledges and violating the fraternity and school’s no-hazing policy. A former pledge at the University of Arizona sued his chapter after his fraternity brothers blamed him for the nonfatal overdose of a female party attendee. The chapter at Eastern Illinois University was suspended indefinitely for several allegations of extremely hazing pledges.
The chapter at Rutgers University was shut down after they were accused by members of Sigma Delta Tau sorority of drugging them during a private social mixer with intentions of sexual assault. The fraternity hosted an event where Xanax was found inside a communal container full of alcohol and fruit juice. A Look Back At the Past Year”. Archived from the original on 2012-03-25.
The Beta Theta Pi, Volume 13. The Birth of Sigma Chi Archived December 10, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. Constantine, Heraldry and Roman Heritage” page 39. The Seven Founders: Benjamin Piatt Runkle” page 32. The Seven Founders: Thomas Cowan Bell” page 33.
San Francisco National Cemetery Burial List Surnames Bas-Ben”. The Seven Founders: William Lewis Lockwood” page 34. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress”. Illinois State University Theta Rho Chapter – Isaac M. Jordan Archived April 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Eta Upsilon biographies on the founders Archived October 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. The Seven Founders: Daniel William Cooper” page 36.
Franklin Howard Scobey Biography at Sigmachi. The Seven Founders: Franklin Howard Scobey” page 37. The Seven Founders: James Parks Caldwell” page 38. Sigma Chi continues to draw inspiration from short-lived Constantine Chapter 150 years later”.
Historic Clayton County: The Sesquicentennial History. The History of Sigma Chi” page 48. The History of Sigma Chi” page 49. The History of Sigma Chi” pp. United States of America: Sigma Chi Fraternity.
Archived from the original on 2014-01-18. Sigma Chi Canadian Foundation Board of Directors”. Archived from the original on 2015-11-09. The History of Sigma Chi” page 57. Huntsman Cancer Institute – – – Huntsman Cancer Institute – University of Utah Health Care – Salt Lake City, Utah”. Archived from the original on 2007-09-11.