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Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the city in New Zealand. Situated near the geographic centre of the country, Wellington was well placed for trade. In 1839 it was chosen as the first major planned settlement for British immigrants coming to New Zealand. As the nation’s capital since 1865, the New Zealand Government and Parliament, Supreme Court and most of the civil service are based in the city. Wellington’s economy is primarily service-based, with an emphasis on finance, business services, and government. It is the centre of New Zealand’s film and special effects industries, and increasingly a hub for information technology and innovation.
In the Māori language, Wellington has three names. In New Zealand Sign Language, the name is signed by raising the index, middle and ring fingers of one hand, palm forward, to form a “W”, and shaking it slightly from side to side twice. The city’s location close to the mouth of the narrow Cook Strait leads to its vulnerability to strong gales, leading to the city’s nickname of “Windy Wellington”. The Old Shebang” on Cuba Street, c. Legends recount that Kupe discovered and explored the district in about the 10th century.
The earliest date with hard evidence for Maori living in New Zealand is about 1280. European settlement began with the arrival of an advance party of the New Zealand Company on the ship Tory on 20 September 1839, followed by 150 settlers on the Aurora on 22 January 1840. In 1865, Wellington became the capital city in place of Auckland, which William Hobson had made the capital in 1841. Wellington is the location of the highest court, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, and the historic former High Court building has been enlarged and restored for its use. Wellington had the 12th best quality of living in the world in 2014, a ranking up from 13th place in 2012, according to a 2014 study by consulting company Mercer. Wellington is at the south-western tip of the North Island on Cook Strait, separating the North and South Islands.
On a clear day the snowcapped Kaikoura Ranges are visible to the south across the strait. To the north stretch the golden beaches of the Kapiti Coast. Wellington’s scenic natural harbour and green hillsides adorned with tiered suburbs of colonial villas are popular with tourists. The CBD is close to Lambton Harbour, an arm of Wellington Harbour, which lies along an active geological fault, clearly evident on its straight western shore. Wellington is primarily surrounded by water, but some of the nearby locations are listed below. The urban area stretches across the areas administered by the city councils of Wellington, Lower Hutt, Upper Hutt and Porirua. You can help by adding to it.
Steep landforms shape and constrain much of Wellington city. The hottest recorded temperature is 31. Wellington suffered serious damage in a series of earthquakes in 1848 and from another earthquake in 1855. The area has high seismic activity even by New Zealand standards, with a major fault, the Wellington Fault running through the centre of the city and several others nearby. Several hundred minor faults lines have been identified within the urban area. Inhabitants, particularly in high-rise buildings, typically notice several earthquakes every year. Every five years a year-long slow quake occurs beneath Wellington, stretching from Kapiti to the Marlborough Sounds.
It was first measured in 2003, and reappeared in 2008 and 2013. It releases as much energy as a magnitude 7 quake, but as it happens slowly there is no damage. During July and August 2013 there were many earthquakes, mostly in Cook Strait near Seddon. The sequence started at 5:09 pm on Sunday 21 July 2013 when the magnitude 6. 5 Seddon earthquake hit the city, but no tsunami report was confirmed nor any major damage. On Monday 20 January 2014 at 3:52 pm a rolling 6. At two minutes after midnight on the morning of Monday 14 November 2016, the 7.
The remaining areas are largely mountainous and sparsely farmed or parkland and are outside the urban area boundary. Counts from the 2013 census gave totals by area, gender, and age. The most common overseas birthplace is the United Kingdom, place of origin of 7. The age structure closely matches the national distribution. Kapiti Coast residents are over 80. The old Public Trust Building in Lambton Quay is an example of Edwardian architecture in Wellington, built entirely from granite. The oldest building is the 1858 Colonial Cottage in Mount Cook.
Old St Paul’s is an example of 19th-century Gothic Revival architecture adapted to colonial conditions and materials, as is St Mary of the Angels. As it is the capital city, there are many notable government buildings. The Executive Wing of New Zealand Parliament Buildings, on the corner of Lambton Quay and Molesworth Street, was constructed between 1969 and 1981 and is commonly referred to as the Beehive. A modernist building housing the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa lies on the waterfront, on Cable Street. Wellington contains many iconic sculptures and structures, such as the Bucket Fountain in Cuba Street and Invisible City by Anton Parsons on Lambton Quay. Kinetic sculptures have been commissioned, such as the Zephyrometer. Wellington experienced a real estate boom in the early 2000s and the effects of the international property bust at the start of 2007.
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In 2005, the market was described as “robust”. By 2008, property values had declined by about 9. 12-month period, according to one estimate. A Wellington City Council survey conducted in March 2009 found the typical central city apartment dweller was a New Zealand native aged 24 to 35 with a professional job in the downtown area, with household income higher than surrounding areas. Households are primarily one-family, making up 66. 869,000 in the western suburbs of Wellington City. Wellington Harbour ranks as one of New Zealand’s chief seaports and serves both domestic and international shipping.
5 million tonnes of cargo on an annual basis, importing petroleum products, motor vehicles, minerals and exporting meats, wood products, dairy products, wool, and fruit. The Government sector has long been a mainstay of the economy, which has typically risen and fallen with it. Auckland following economic deregulation and privatisation. In recent years, tourism, arts and culture, film, and ICT have played a bigger role in the economy. Wellington’s median income is well above the average in New Zealand, and the highest of all New Zealand cities. It has a much higher proportion of people with tertiary qualifications than the national average.
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It has been argued that the construction of the Te Papa museum helped transform Wellington into a tourist destination. Popular tourist attractions include Wellington Museum, Wellington Zoo, Zealandia and Wellington Cable Car. Wellington is a popular conference tourism destination due to its compact nature, cultural attractions, award-winning restaurants and access to government agencies. The annual children’s Artsplash Festival brings together hundreds of students from across the region. The week-long festival includes music and dance performances and the presentation of visual arts.
Sometime Wellington directors Jane Campion and Geoff Murphy have reached the world’s screens with their independent spirit. Wellington has a large number of independent cinemas, including The Embassy, Paramount, Penthouse, the Roxy and Light House, which participate in film festivals throughout the year. Wellington has one of the country’s highest turn-outs for the annual New Zealand International Film Festival. Drama School Toi Whakaari and the National Theatre for Children at Capital E in Civic Square. Improvisors and youth group, Joe Improv. Wellington is the home for the Royal New Zealand Ballet, the New Zealand School of Dance and contemporary dance company Footnote.
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The comedy group Breaking the 5th Wall operated out of Wellington and regularly did shows around the city, performing a mix of sketch comedy and semi-improvised theatre. In 2012 the group disbanded when some of its members moved to Australia. The Improvisors and youth group Joe Improv. Wellington hosts shows in the annual New Zealand International Comedy Festival. From 1936 to 1992 Wellington was home to the National Art Gallery of New Zealand, when it was amalgamated into Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Wellington is characterised by small dining establishments and independent coffeehouses, and its café culture is internationally recognised, being known for its large number of coffeehouses. IRB Sevens World Series held at the Westpac Stadium over several days every February.
Massey University has a Wellington campus known as the “creative campus” and offers courses in communication and business, engineering and technology, health and well-being, and creative arts. The University of Otago has a Wellington branch with its Wellington School of Medicine and Health. Wellington Institute of Technology and New Zealand’s National Drama school, Toi Whakaari. Wellington is served by State Highway 1 in the west and State Highway 2 in the east, meeting at the Ngauranga Interchange north of the city centre, where SH 1 runs through the city to the airport.
Bus transport in Wellington is supplied by several different operators under the banner of Metlink. Buses serve almost every part of Wellington city, with most of them running along the “Golden Mile” from Wellington Railway Station to Courtenay Place. Two of Tranz Metro’s EM class electric multiple units working a southbound morning service on the Hutt Valley Line. Wairarapa Line, converging on Wellington Railway Station at the northern end of central Wellington.
It is serviced by flights from across New Zealand, Australia, Singapore and Fiji. The maximum electricity demand is forecast to grow on average by 1. 15 years, from 756 MW in 2012 to 934 MW by 2027, slightly lower than the national average demand growth of 1. Peak demand greatly exceeds local generation, and power supply is highly dependent on the National Grid operated by Transpower.
Four 220 kV transmission circuits from Bunnythorpe, near Palmerston North, provide the main connections with the national grid. The local power distribution network is owned and managed by Wellington Electricity. The main power supplies to the central business district come from Transpower grid exit point substations at Central Park and Wilton. Strong winds, advantageous for wind farms, have been known to damage power lines.
In May 2009, one windstorm left about 2500 residents without power for several hours. Lightning strikes and occasional faults in the electric power system sometimes cause power outages. Taranaki to the city was completed. Wellington’s first piped water supply came from a spring in 1867. Greater Wellington Regional Council now supplies Lower Hutt, Porirua, Upper Hutt and Wellington with up to 220 million litres a day. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011.
London, United Kingdom: Guinness World Records Ltd. Where is the world’s windiest city? Wellington Is Bigger On Tech And Innovation Than You Think”. Edward Jerningham Wakefield, “Adventure in New Zealand”, Vol. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand”. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
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Deaf Studies Research Unit, Victoria University of Wellington. Archived from the original on 8 June 2009. You get more for your money in Wellington”. The ‘last great Englishman’The legacy of the Duke of Wellington towers over British history.
Alfred Lord Tennyson hailed him as the ‘last great Englishman’. Statues still adorn the streets of many British towns and cities while his name has become synonymous with one of Britain’s most celebrated victories. So how did Arthur Wellesley become the ‘Iron Duke’ we remember today? Wellington spent much of his childhood at Dangan Castle, Ireland.
1 May, third surviving son in an aristocratic Irish family. His father, Garret, was the first earl of Mornington while his mother, Anne, was the eldest daughter of Arthur Hill, first Viscount Dungannon. An unhappy, lonely boy, Wellington exhibited few of the talents that would come to make his name. Lazy and socially awkward, his early schooling was fragmented, his performance uninspired.
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Only his violin playing showed any real promise. I vow to God I don’t know what I shall do with my awkward son Arthur. Eton College viewed from the river, painted in 1786. When Wellington was 12, his father died. That same year he started at Eton with his younger brother, Gerald. Anne, his mother, thought Wellington a slow, foolish child.
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His exploits at Eton did nothing to dispel that opinion. Frequently unsociable and occasionally aggressive, with little appetite for learning, Wellington was removed from school in 1784. His father’s death in 1781 had hit the family’s financial standing and another of Wellington’s younger brothers, Henry, looked to be a more promising scholar. Wellington followed his mother to Brussels in 1785. As Wellington was making his way in the army, the French Revolution came to a head, including the storming of the Bastille in 1789.
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Wellington studied fencing, horsemanship and maths, but remained typically uninterested. His brother’s wealth and influence secured him a number of commissions, first as junior officer in the 73rd Foot and then as aide-de-camp to the lord lieutenant of Ireland. As the French Revolution moved towards its climax, Wellington’s elevation continued, even taking a seat in the Irish parliament. By October 1792 he had held five commissions in six different regiments. The execution of Louis XVI challenged the established social order not just in France but throughout Europe. Events in France sent shockwaves through Europe.
On 21 January King Louis XVI was executed at the guillotine. France had declared her egalitarian principles to be universal. The very fabric of established social order was under threat and by February Britain and France were at war. Wellington had to grow up quickly. He marked his new-found focus by setting aside ‘frivolous’ things like his violin. In April he joined the 33rd Foot, soon becoming the regiment’s commanding officer.
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This was as far as his brother’s influence could take him. British troops attack the French during the Flanders Campaign. In 1794 the 33rd Foot was sent to the Netherlands and he fought the French for the first time. Though Wellington won plaudits for his role in the fighting, the Flanders Campaign as a whole was disastrous. By spring 1795 British forces had withdrawn, dejected and demoralised, and were evacuated from Hanover. The French had won, replacing the Dutch Republic with a client state. Wellington’s first experience of war had come with the taste of defeat.
Few of his fellow officers, he saw, had known how to command an army. Wellington defeats Indian leader Dhoondiah Waughat the Battle of Conaghull in India. Bad weather spared Wellington a dangerous trip to the West Indies. Diversion to India, moreover, offered much greater career prospects. With him he brought several hundred books, including titles on military history. He was determined not to repeat the mistakes of other officers he had witnessed first-hand. After some early successes, Wellington was promoted to the rank of major general and in 1803 he claimed the first major victory of his career.
Facing an enemy force much greater than the 7,000 at his disposal, he won a desperate battle at Assaye, a small village in western India. I understood as much of military matters as I have ever done since or do now. Wellington hadn’t seen Kitty for more than a decade when he proposed to her again on his return to England. Wellington first proposed to Kitty Pakenham in 1793 but, young and in debt, was rejected by her family.