Lead in Stained Glass Windows Integral Part or Disposable Commodity? The leadwork of a stained Glass Windows needs replacing after 100 years or so’. Everyone concerned with stained glass – makers and custodians alike – will have heard this remark at some point in their career, and all too many people still believe this statement to be correct, despite the fact that it is one of the most common misconceptions in the trade, and causes needless damage to historic works of art. So, why should releading take place at an artificially set date?
The use of lead in windows is to this day predominantly a characteristic of the western culture. Long before it was used as the means to facilitate the transferral of pictures onto glass, it served as the humble link between pieces of ordinary glass. For many centuries, glass suitable for window panes was severely restricted in size, and the only way to create larger windows was to piece together small sheets of glass. Figure 2: an assembly illustrating the position of the grooved wheels on either side which draw the lead through the mill, and the cheeks, top and bottom, which form the profile of the visible face of the cames.
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Figure 3: the inside of a lead came from Wroxton Abbey, Oxfordshire bearing the mark E. Benedictine monk Theophilus at the beginning of the 12th century. He describes how the moulds were made from pieces of timber, how the molten lead was poured into these moulds to cast the cames, and how the latter were subsequently scraped down to the required width. Workshops still exist today where the casting of the leads is done in the same way, albeit with more advanced tools such as iron instead of timber moulds.
The scraping down of the cames, however, was replaced by another process when the lead mill, or glazier’s vice, was introduced. The exact date of invention of the mill remains unclear. A lead mill not only allows the manufacture of much more evenly shaped cames, but more importantly, it also reduces their weight and thus the amount of material which goes into any given length of lead. Probably the best-known company to have utilised this advertising tool was the firm of Edward White, one of whose mills is the vice mentioned previously which is now in Hartford.
The milling process provides a great variety of leads, both in shape such as flat or convex flanges and in dimensions, from 3 mm to 20 mm or more. Their uniformity made the glaziers’ job much easier and it is therefore not surprising that the mill took the profession by storm. This advantage came at a price, however. Milling means cold-forming, thus affecting the molecular structure of the lead which become, in combination with the increased flexibility of the cames, more brittle. Figure 5: the copper wire which ties the window to the stanchion bar has separated from the window, tearing off a piece of lead came.
Figure 6: a broken glass quarry. Movement under wind pressure can lead to excessive stress on the glass, causing it to fracture along the lines of the movement. So what are the most common problems the leading of a window might face, and how should these be tackled? Usually, people notice that something is wrong when either the cill is becoming increasingly stained or even permanently wet, when the panels are moving in severe weather conditions or when the panels are noticeably buckled. Not all these phenomena will necessarily be a cause for immediate concern or action. The most common of them is the bent panel. The buckling of panels gives concern to many people who feel they have got to do something about it.
However, on close inspection, many windows do slightly buckle anyway. Movement caused by the daily cycle of expansion and contraction under heat or by the downward pressure created by the panels’ own weight, is an inherent defect, but it may well have come to a halt long time ago. In this case, the panels will have lost their connection with the structural support system such as internal saddle bars or external stanchions. From a certain age onwards, fractures are indeed to be expected within any given window which don’t need attention unless they are severe, such as star cracks, but it is imperative to look out for this particular cause. The process can be helped by scraping out the cementing which makes the panel weatherproof, and by re-cementing it after straightening.
The traditional lead-light cement, made of whiting and linseed oil, is brushed under the flanges as it is done with new panels, and will set and stiffen in a short period of time, thus helping to regain the panel’s stability. The next step up in terms of degree of intervention would be the partial dismantling of the panel. Protective glazing systems are in themselves often problematic, and their application has to be carefully considered based on the merits of each individual case. Re-cementing a window is often problematic and not always leads to the desired effect, in particular when carried out in situ, as this particular application cannot guarantee a complete sealing process.
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When dismantling has become necessary, it is important to check on the cames for marks and other indicators of their age. If for structural reasons the removal of some or all of the lead cannot be avoided, recording is the least that can and must be done. And one last point, it goes almost without saying that the replacement lead has to be of the same size and dimension as the original. Author Dr SEBASTIAN STROBL is a trained conservator and art historian, with a PhD on medieval glazing techniques. He is currently Head of Stained Glass Conservation at Canterbury Cathedral, and also a member of the Stained Glass Committee of the Council for the Care of Churches and Secretary of the International Technical Committee of the CVMA. Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. Four years ago one of our oblates brought a friend to the Mount.
Her friend was a professional photographer. As part of her stay she offered to share some “shooting tips” with any of our sisters who love to take pictures. I was able to attend one session and as is common for lectures, seminars, classes, if I remember one good idea I’m happy. Remembering this tip I took this photo of a mushroom that I found in our inner courtyard the next week—looking right down at it. Last week when I was just walking around our place I came upon a nice patch of Queen Anne’s Lace growing up in one of the gardens. One of them was unusually tall and, since I had my camera with me, I thought it might make an interesting photo for this blog. Suddenly I remembered the four-year-old tip and took this shot—from underneath.
Although the purpose of our trip was a funeral, this weekend we had a lovely summer car trip though Pennsylvania. The state, also known as Penn’s Woods, is surely at its most beautiful right now–miles and miles of gorgeous farmland, hills, fields and breathe-taking vistas around every corner of Interstate 80. Back here on the lake, we found this unusually large and weathered remains of a tree which looks as if it has totally converted to driftwood–that smooth, white, lightness that typifies driftwood. It’s beautiful, but it always sets us musing on where it came from and how it got in the position it is in here on our beach! The nightly news seems to bring us a daily dose of Mother Nature’s assaults this summer, but dare I say, we are having a lovely oneso far. We are having two celebrations this week.
The first was today, the summer feast of Benedict. Forty oblates, guests, family members and friends joined us for Evening Prayer and supper. The dinner was delicious and the weather beautiful, too. This feast day is highlighted by once-a-year songs and prayers and beautiful chapel decor from our summer gardens. On Saturday a number of us will travel across state to Philadelphia to celebrate the life of Isabel Wambach, 91, our prioress Anne’s mother who died on Monday in Florida, the home of her other four daughters. Isabel was a lovely, lovely woman who often visited us with her husband Mike and her sister and brother-in-law.
Later, she and her oldest daughter were regular Holy Week guests each year. Here’s her obit from the Erie paper. It is official: we have a single, twins and, just seen for the first time, triplets! Here’s my first attempt at posting a video taken by one of our sisters, Sister Katherine, this weekend: triplets all trying to feed from their mother at the same time! We got a little lulled to sleep in June with a slow, subtle turn into summer. Then the calendar turned over to June 30-July 1 and WOWopen the oven! The human beings are uncomfortable, the nature around us seems much more adaptable.
What a wonderful time we’ve had with the eight young women that are here for the first Joan Chittister Institute. They are SMART, fun, interesting, articulate, alarmingly open and trusting, and we feel nothing but blessed to have them among us. Tuesday night they formed a panel with the community as the audience. Church today, and about their life journeys. A big thanks to the Benetvision staff for the idea and for following through with the logistics and program to bring such delightful gals to our place. They tell us that they are thrilled to be here and we reflect it right back at them!
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Reflections of all eight south windows on ceramic tiles and on the floor. See our site for information on guest rooms and hermitages, retreats, Sunday liturgy and daily prayer, our ministries and other parts of our life as the Benedictine Sisters of Erie. She is sharing her “monastic journey” through “Walking in the Holy Presence. Our beautiful windows reflected in the Pyrex stands and in the mirrors on the floor. Who’s up for a little color? Everything’s looking pretty grey here, so Chuck and I made some cellophane stained glass windows.
I cut up pieces of cellophane and then we stuck them to our windows using a mixture of dish soap and water. Ahh, don’t these hearts just brighten your day? Cut your cellophane up into different shapes. Look at the fish Chuck cut out. I did this while Chuck was sleeping. Mix equal parts dish soap and water into a container. This will act as the “glue” to stick your cellophane shapes onto your windows.
Then, stick on your colorful cellophane pieces. The soap is going to drip. Just wipe up excess soap with a rag. If it dries on the window pane, you’ll notice a cloudy film.
Once again, just clean that up with a damp rag. Your pieces will stay stuck to the window as long as there’s enough soap between the cellophane and window. So definitely make sure to use enough soapy solution. Otherwise, your corners will curl up as they dry. You’ve got your very own cellophane stained glass windows.
And probably surprise a few passerbyers as well! If you’re looking for other design ideas, check out this cellophane rainbow window from Hands On As We Grow and this cellophane stained glass window from Creative Jewish Mom. Or, if you’re looking for smaller stained glass cellophane crafts, check out these tutorial below! Hyper Colorful Painted Paper Plate Flowers! Free Stained Glass Patterns dot com! Free stained glass patterns are here! This site features only stained glass patterns for windows and panels.
Each stained glass pattern pattern page features both a black and white and a colored version to give you color ideas, if only as a starting point for you to improve on! Recently I have begun to include full size patterns. Just below the series of black and white versions, you will see a small, but complete, black and white version of the pattern. Stained glass patterns are regularly added. With this website, I am trying to create a collection of unique, yet classical designs. This website is not a static entity, it is a living, breathing, and growing creature. On the menu to the left, you will see that the patterns have been divided into sets.
This is to allow for maximum growth. There are already over 600 unique stained glass patterns on this site, some for beginners, and some for experienced stained glassers. Stained glass patterns for every craft. The patterns can be used directly as “paint-by-number” patterns to reproduce a similar design on various supports and media such as watercolors, Tolle painting, card making, scrapbooking, gourd painting, acrylics, oils, rubber stamping and holiday crafts.
The simplest designs are readily adaptable for quilting, and the more complex one just need to be enlarged until they reach a scale and level of detail compatible with your quilting technique. For kids, free stained glass patterns are great for coloring. Not to mention how they can make faux stained glass with silk paper and black cardboard. Permission for use of stained glass patterns Permissions for use of the stained glass patterns are very simple. As long as you are an individual crafter making and selling your own crafts, you are welcome to create crafts from the patterns for gifts, even for sale. Do not, however, post the patterns and illustrations on other websites. For anything else, do contact me.
Print from a non-scaling graphic software such as the barebones “MS Paint” which is somewhere on your computer if you have Windows. No fancy downloading functions save and print! Not finding the stain glass pattern you are looking for? If you are looking for a particular stained glass design, I highly recommend Find Stained Glass Patterns.
You will find stained glass patterns for free, for sale, and books, all categorized by topic. The categorization by topic will make your stained glass template search much faster, and easier! Have an idea for a stained glass pattern? If you can’t find the pattern you are looking for, and you think the subject matter might have appeal to other stained glass crafters, feel free to make a suggestion in the Stained Glass Town Square’s Pattern Suggestion Box. Stained Glass is a pleasurable art and craft.
It is a hobby for many, and an art for the few. Stained glass is often used in the making of windows and lampshades, but is also useful for boxes, clocks, cabinet doors, picture frames and other 3-dimensional projects. Welcome to this ever-growing informational website. New material is added on a regular basis. You may peruse the new section on stained glass careers, traditional glass painting, lead came construction, with video support, and detailed step-by-step photography.
Perfect tube hinges for stained glass boxes. Designing your own lampshades – panel and on mold. Assembling an Odyssey shade without tacky wax. How to build a bird feeder. Art of Stained Glass has a new menu bar on the left.
Also, see our newly expanded section on traditional glass painting! We stock it, or we can find it for you. We do it, or it probably can’t be done. Peepers Stained Glass Studio adheres to the same traditional techniques used by old world craftsman. Each piece is meticulously hand crafted by an artisan who takes pride in the quality of his work. The result is genuine stained glass has the durability to stand the test of time.
There’s nothing quite like the warmth, vibrancy and beauty of a room adorned with the brilliance of stained glass, whether your preference is cathedral glass with it’s transparent, faceted characteristics or opalescent glass with it’s vivid range of colors, genuine stained glass had a richness that’s unequalled by modern synthetic materials. Beveled glass, although color less, can create a prism of light to enhance any interior door. Both stained and beveled glass are always in style. Refunds issued up to 48 hours prior to class time. All classes require pre-registration and payment for entry.
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Classes not meeting their minimum enrollment will be canceled. This is a simple cut and paste pretend stained glass craft that is fun and easy for children of all ages to complete. Children can use the template pieces provided or they can use their imagination and design their own. There are a number of different templates to pick from. The cross and fish are good for any Jesus based theme. The dove and flame are good for a holy spirit or pentecost theme.
Cut out random rectangular shapes from multiple colors of construction paper. Glue the pieces all over the window to give it a stained glass look. Cut out the shape from your chosen template 2 thru 5 or make your own. Glue it to the center of the window. This ornate Americana transom came from an embassy house in Washington D. Blake’s Transom – American jeweled transom c. English Art Nouveac – Necklace c.
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Ornate Jeweled Transom – Chicago c. Transom from the First United Methodist Church in Greensboro, Alabamarebuilt in 1907. Arch Transom from the First United Methodist Church in Greensboro, Alabamarebuilt in 1907. This page contains a selection of design ideas that may help in planning your stained glass transom. The transoms below represent many different architectural styles, design elements, and colors.
These transoms come from a number of sources and show some of the limitless design possibilities available in stained glass construction. The above images are just a small sampling of stained glass transom design ideas. Most new stained glass transom and window designs evolve from other windows. Many people are able to visualize what they like by taking elements from a number of different sources to create a new design.
Email me with your stained glass idea . Copyright 2010 Stained Glass Resources Inc. Dodge, 1906, in memory of John Sutton and A. Wilson, founders of Indiana University of Pennsylvania.
Restored by Stained Glass Resources, Inc. Windows created by Tiffany Studios c. This web site gives access to a database of 32,253 records of stained glass windows in 5,415 churches in the South and East of England. The navigation bar at the top of the page gives access to the Counties encompassed by the database. Listed for each County are the Towns and Villages and within them are the Churches whose windows have been recorded.
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For each Church are details of the stained glass windows. The database may also be searched by Firm, Designer and other means via the Search link at the top right of the page. The record is of Victorian and later stained glass church windows, and their makers and designers. Windows with stained glass in the tracery are only recorded in a few instances, eg where the main lights have been taken out recently. It is not a complete record of grisaille and ornamental windows. RC mission churches without stained glass are normally not mentioned.
Slough area now in Berkshire, Linslade now in Bedfordshire. Berkshire until 1974, corresponds with revised Berkshire volume of ‘Buildings of England’ which stills includes this area. Custom Stained Glass and Leaded Glass Windows Custom stained glass is a specialty for SGO Designer Glass. We build custom architectural decorative glass for residential, commercial and religious clients. We specialize in custom designs in the hospitality industry. We have completed an extensive portfolio of outstanding religious stained glass projects. Become a fan of SGO Designer Glass on Facebook and you’ll be able to see photos of some of our favorite stained glass projects, hear about upcoming home shows and events, and connect with SGO franchisees and other customers!
If you don’t already have a Facebook account, it’s easy and free to join. Click here to see our page where you’ll find design ideas, product spotlights, and more. We are constantly adding new content, so be sure to check back often. Sometimes the projects that our franchisees create touch the lives of millions. Our recent involvement with the creation of the new Disney Suite in Cinderella’s Castle at Disney World in Orlando is one such example. Click here to take a tour through the exclusive penthouse at the very top of the castle to see how SGO and Disney’s 25 year partnership of creativity continues to bring color to the magic of Disney using custom stained glass. SGO Designer Glass was called upon by the producers of the popular ABC-TV’s primetime show “Extreme Makeover: Home Edition” to create over 150 square feet of designer glass for a Cheyenne, WY home.
The existing home, which was poisoned by radon, was completely demolished and a new home constructed in just 7 days. Christine Atchison from SGO Designer Glass said, “The project was a huge undertaking. SGO fabricated over 100 sf of Stained Glass Overlay for the entryway and another 50sf for the great room. We worked closely with the EMHE designers to create an extraordinary design for the entryway with colors that would work with both the interior and exterior of the house.
When the entryway design was complete we started on the designs for the great room. The art glass panels for the great room are unique. The design had to compliment the entryway and match the curtain and paint colors in the room itself. The episode took place in Cheyenne, Wyoming, and aired on November 4, 2007. I am so excited for the viewers to see the work that we did for this project and we hope that this art glass brings endless years of beauty to this family” said Atchison.