Windows 7 retains the Windows Aero graphical user interface and visual style introduced in the operating system’s predecessor, Windows Vista, but many new IPsec Troubleshooting Features have seen enhancements. The Desktop Slideshow feature in Windows 7. Support for themes has been extended in Windows 7. Windows Vista are present in Windows 7.
In Windows 7, the sidebar has been removed, but gadgets can still be placed on the desktop. Gadgets are more closely integrated with Windows Explorer, but the gadgets themselves continue to operate in a single sidebar. Windows Vista where gadgets could operate in multiple sidebar. Microsoft has stated that this can result in power-saving benefits. For original equipment manufacturers and enterprises, Windows 7 natively supports the ability to customize the wallpaper that is displayed during user login. Because the settings to change the wallpaper are available via the Windows Registry, users can also to customize the wallpaper that is displayed.
The libraries hide the actual location the file is stored in. Searching in a library automatically federates the query to the remote systems, in addition to searching on the local system, so that files on the remote systems are also searched. By default, a new user account in Windows 7 contains four libraries for different file types: Documents, Music, Pictures, and Videos. They are configured to include the user’s profile folders for these respective file types, as well as the computer’s corresponding Public folders.
The Public folder also contains a hidden Recorded TV library that appears in the Windows Explorer sidepane when TV is set up in Media Center for the first time. In addition to aggregating multiple storage locations, Libraries enable Arrangement Views and Search Filter Suggestions. Arrangement Views allow you to pivot your view of the library’s contents based on metadata. For example, selecting the “By Month” view in the Pictures library will display photos in stacks, where each stack represents a month of photos based on the date they were taken. Search Filter Suggestions are a new feature of the Windows 7 Explorer’s search box. When the user clicks in the search box, a menu shows up below it showing recent searches as well as suggested Advanced Query Syntax filters that the user can type. Arrangement Views and Search Filter Suggestions are database-backed features which require that all locations in the Library be indexed by the Windows Search service.
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Local disk locations must be indexed by the local indexer, and Windows Explorer will automatically add locations to the indexing scope when they are included in a library. Once installed, the data source becomes queryable directly from Windows Explorer. Windows Explorer has received numerous minor enhancements that improve its overall functionality. The Explorer’s search box and the address bar can be resized. Folders such as those on the desktop or user profile folders can be hidden in the navigation pane to reduce clutter. A new Content view is added, which shows thumbnails and metadata together.
A new button to toggle the Preview Pane has been added to the toolbar. Other areas of the shell have also received similar fine-tunings: Progress bars and overlay icons may now appear on an application’s button on the taskbar to better alert the user of the status of the application or the work in progress. Windows 7 includes native support for burning ISO files. The functionality is available when a user selects the Burn disc image option within the context menu of an ISO file.
Support for disc image verification is also included. In previous versions of Windows, users were required to install-third party software to burn ISO images. The start orb now has a fade-in highlight effect when the user hovers the mouse cursor over it. The Start Menu’s right column is now the Aero glass color. In Windows Vista, it was always black. The search results pane in Windows 7, demonstrating a search for the word “wireless”.
The “Documents”, “Pictures” and “Music” buttons now link to the Libraries of the same name. A “Devices and Printers” option has been added that displays a new device manager. The “shut down” icon in Windows Vista has been replaced with a text link indicating what action will be taken when the icon is clicked. The default action to take is now configurable through the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties window.
Start menu is widened and replaced with the application’s Jump List. Links to the “Videos”, “Downloads”, and “Recorded TV” folders can now be added to the Start menu. The Start Search field, introduced in Windows Vista, has been extended to support searching for keywords of Control Panel items. For example, clicking the Start button then typing “wireless” will show Control Panel options related to configuring and connecting to wireless network, adding Bluetooth devices, and troubleshooting. The Windows Taskbar has seen its most significant revision since its introduction in Windows 95 and combines the previous Quick Launch functionality with open application window icons. The taskbar is now rendered as an Aero glass element whose color can be changed via the Personalization Control Panel.
The default taskbar of Windows 7. The Quick Launch toolbar has been removed from the default configuration, but may be easily added. Applications can now be pinned to the taskbar allowing the user instant access to the applications they commonly use. The Windows 7 taskbar shows a preview of the window. Thumbnail previews which were introduced in Windows Vista have been expanded to not only preview the windows opened by the application in a small-sized thumbnail view, but to also interact with them. The user can close any window opened by clicking the X on the corresponding thumbnail preview. The name of the window is also shown in the thumbnail preview.
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A “peek” at the window is obtained by hovering over the thumbnail preview. Jump lists are menu options available by right-clicking a taskbar icon or holding the left mouse button and sliding towards the center of the desktop on an icon. Progress bar in taskbar’s tasks allows users to know the progress of a task without switching to the pending window. Task progress is used in Windows Explorer, Internet Explorer and third-party software. Volume, Network, Power and Action Center status icons are present, but no other application icons are shown unless the user has chosen them to be shown.
A new “Notification Area Icons” control panel has been added which replaces the “Customize Notification Icons” dialog box in the “Taskbar and Start Menu Properties” window first introduced in Windows XP. A triangle to the left of the visible notification icons displays the hidden notification icons. Unlike Windows Vista and Windows XP, the hidden icons are displayed in a window above the taskbar, instead of on the taskbar. Icons can be dragged between this window and the notification area.
Windows 7 desktop displayed through Peek. In previous versions of Windows, the taskbar ended with the notification area on the right-hand side. Windows 7, however, introduces a show desktop button on the far right side of the taskbar which can initiate an Aero Peek feature that makes all open windows translucent when hovered over by a mouse cursor. Clicking this button shows the desktop, and clicking it again brings all windows to focus. The button also increases in width to accommodate being pressed by a finger. Windows can be dragged to the top of the screen to maximize them and dragged away to restore them. Dragging a window to the left or right of the screen makes it take up half the screen, allowing the user to tile two windows next to each other.
Also, resizing the window to the bottom of the screen or its top will extend the window to full height but retain its width. All other windows will minimize, while the window the user shook stays active on the screen. When the window is shaken again, they are all restored, similar to desktop preview. Use when you have many open windows on your desktop. A variety of new keyboard shortcuts have been introduced.
Click, or Middle click starts a new instance of the application, regardless of whether it’s already running. User Account Control prompt will be displayed. Restore”, “Move”, “Size”, “Maximize”, “Minimize” and “Close” commands. If the icon being clicked on is a grouped icon, a specialized context menu with “Restore All”, “Minimize All”, and “Close All” commands is shown. The user interface for font management has been overhauled in Windows 7. As with Windows Vista, the collection of installed fonts is displayed in a Windows Explorer window, but fonts that originate from the same font family appear as icons that are represented as stacks that display font previews within the interface. The dialog box for fonts in Windows 7 has also been updated to display font previews within the interface, which allows users to preview fonts before selecting them.
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Previous versions of windows only displayed the name of the font. Microsoft would later backport Windows 8 Emoji features to Windows 7. There are two major new user interface components for device management in Windows 7, “Devices and Printers” and “Device Stage”. Both of these are integrated with Windows Explorer, and together provide a simplified view of what devices are connected to the computer, and what capabilities they support. Devices and Printers is a new Control Panel interface that is directly accessible from the Start menu.
Unlike the Device Manager Control Panel applet, which is still present, the icons shown on the Devices and Printers screen are limited to components of the system that a non-expert user will recognize as plug-in devices. If a third party print driver fails while isolated, it does not impact other drivers or the print spooler service. A Device Stage window showing available options for a Microsoft Wireless Comfort Keyboard 4000. Device Stage provides a centralized location for an externally connected multi-function device to present its functionality to the user. When a device such as a portable music player is connected to the system, the device appears as an icon on the task bar, as well as in Windows Explorer. Windows 7 ships with high-resolution images of a number of popular devices, and is capable of connecting to the Internet to download images of devices it doesn’t recognize. Opening the icon presents a window that displays actions relevant to that device.
Hilton Locke, who worked on the Tablet PC team at Microsoft, reported on December 11, 2007 that Windows 7 will have new touch features on devices supporting multi-touch. Because data acquired by some sensors can be considered personally identifiable information, all sensors are disabled by default in Windows 7, and an account in Windows 7 requires administrative permissions to enable a sensor. Sensors also require user consent to share location data. Unlike previous versions of Windows, Windows 7 is able to report when a laptop battery is in need of a replacement.
The operating system works with design capabilities present in modern laptop batteries to report this information. The powercfg command enables the customization of the hibernation file size. Energy parameter for the powercfg command, which generates an HTML report of a computer’s energy efficiency and displays information related to devices or settings. Windows 7 can individually suspend USB hubs and supports selective suspend for all in-box USB class drivers. Direct3D 11 is included with Windows 7. It is a strict super-set of Direct3D 10.
DirectX that provides all of the capabilities of Direct3D 10. Windows 7 has been updated to use version 10. 1 of Direct3D API, and its performance has been improved significantly. With a video driver conforming to Windows Display Driver Model v1. The Desktop Window Manager in Windows 7 also adds support for systems using multiple heterogeneous graphics cards from different vendors.
DPI settings can be changed by logging on and off, without needing to restart. Windows 7 incorporates many engineering changes to reduce the frequency of writes and flushes, which benefit SSDs in particular since each write operation wears the flash memory. Windows 7 also makes use of the TRIM command. Finally, partitions made with Windows 7’s partition-creating tools are created with the SSD’s alignment needs in mind, avoiding unwanted systematic write amplification. VHD files can be mounted as drives, created, and booted from, in the same way as WIM files. Such devices can be protected by a passphrase, a recovery key, or be automatically unlocked on a computer.
Vista SP1 installations boot up in 30 seconds or less. The more lengthy boot times on the remainder of the machines are mainly due to some services or programs that are loaded but are not required when the system is first started. Windows Media Center in Windows 7 has retained much of the design and feel of its predecessor, but with a variety of user interface shortcuts and browsing capabilities. Some notable enhancements in Windows 7 Media Center include a new mini guide, a new scrub bar, the option to color code the guide by show type, and internet content that is more tightly integrated with regular TV via the guide. When browsing the media library, items that don’t have album art are shown in a range of foreground and background color combinations instead of using white text on a blue background. When the left or right remote control buttons are held down to browse the library quickly, a two-letter prefix of the current album name is prominently shown as a visual aid. The Picture Library includes new slideshow capabilities, and individual pictures can be rated.
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Also, while browsing a media library, a new column appears at the top named “Shared. This allows users to access shared media libraries on other Media Center PCs from directly within Media Center. For television support, the Windows Media Center “TV Pack” released by Microsoft in 2008 is incorporated into Windows Media Center. QAM tuners, as well as creating lists of favorite stations.
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A gadget for Windows Media Center is also included. For playback of various media formats, Windows 7 also introduces an H. 264 decoder with Baseline, Main, and High profiles support, up to level 5. Action Center, formerly Windows Security Center, now encompasses both security and maintenance. A new user interface for User Account Control has been introduced, which provides the ability to select four different levels of notifications, one of these notification settings, Default, is new to Windows 7.
Geo-tracking capabilities are also available in Windows 7. The feature will be disabled by default. When enabled the user will only have limited control as to which applications can track their location. For backward compatibility with previous releases of Windows, Windows 7 supports a mixed-mode operation of ECC and RSA algorithms.
EFS self-signed certificates, when using ECC, will use 256-bit key by default. Windows 7 includes the new Windows Biometric Framework. This framework consists of a set of components that standardizes the use of fingerprint biometric devices. A new Control Panel called Biometric Device Control Panel is included which provides an interface for deleting stored biometrics information, troubleshooting, and enabling or disabling the types of logins that are allowed using biometrics. Biometrics configuration can also be configured using Group Policy settings. The Bluetooth stack includes improvements introduced in the Windows Vista Feature Pack for Wireless, namely, Bluetooth 2. EDR support and remote wake from S3 or S4 support for self-powered Bluetooth modules.
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The wireless SoftAP can afterwards be started using the command netsh wlan start hostednetwork. AES security for the hosted network, but DNS resolution for clients requires it to be used with Internet Connection Sharing or a similar feature. 1, which includes minor performance enhancements over SMB2, such as a new opportunistic locking mechanism. The system uses a password to join computers into the group, and allows users’ libraries, along with individual files and folders, to be shared between multiple computers. Windows 7 adds support for multiple firewall profiles. Windows 7 includes Internet Explorer 8, .
Paint features a Ribbon interface similar to the one introduced in Office 2007, and also sports several new features. Calculator has been rewritten, with multiline capabilities including Programmer and Statistics modes, unit conversion, and date calculations. Calculator was also given a graphical facelift, the first since Windows 95 in 1995 and Windows NT 4. Microsoft Magnifier, an accessibility utility for low vision users has been dramatically improved.
Magnifier now supports the full screen zoom feature, whereas previous Windows versions had the Magnifier attached to the top of the screen in a dock layout. The new full screen feature is enabled by default, however, it requires Windows Aero for the advantage of the full screen zoom feature. 0 supports installing and configuring Windows Services, and provides developers with more control over setting permissions during software installation. Windows 7 improves the Tablet PC Input Panel to make faster corrections using new gestures, supports text prediction in the soft keyboard and introduces a new Math Input Panel for inputting math into programs that support MathML. It recognizes handwritten math expressions and formulas.