It’s finally time for an update to my popular 2013 Litecoin mining guide! It’s four years later, and Ethereum mining is where it’s at for Litecoin Nvidia Gpu Miner What Is Support Level Cryptocurrency miners, so that’s what I’ve focused on. I’ve kept the same format and detail level as my old guide, so if you were around back then, you’ll know what to expect.
This guide will be broken into several parts, each focusing on a different aspect of building your first mining rig. First, let’s take a look at what you’ll need in terms of hardware to put a respectable Ethereum miner together. Build your own Ethereum Mining Rig, part 1: Hardware Here is the list of hardware that I recommend. Don’t worry if you’re not able to get exactly what’s on this list, I provide some excellent alternatives below the table.
Motherboard Generally, any motherboard with PCIe slots on it is suitable for mining—typically one GPU per PCIe slot. The PCIe slots don’t need to be full-length, as we can attach GPUs to 1x slots with the help of risers. GPUs onto one motherboard, even if that board has enough PCIe slots to physically accommodate them. My top choice is currently the Asus B250 Mining Expert board.
GPUs and 3 power supplies right out of the box. However, it currently costs about the same as Asus’s mining board, and for the money I’d rather stick with Asus. Finally, the Biostar TB250-BTC is also aimed at miners, and costs considerably less than the Asus and ASRock offerings. 6 GPUs, but that’s likely all that the majority of us need. If you only want to use 3-4 GPUs in your rig, then you’ll have a much easier time. Most boards with up to four PCIe slots should accommodate a GPU in each. Keep in mind that you can use old hardware that you have sitting around—the board doesn’t have to be recent.
Processor This one is easy: buy the cheapest CPU that works with whatever motherboard you pick. When it comes to mining, the GPUs do all the work. Your CPU will essentially sit idle, so there is no reason to waste money on anything other than the bare minimum. All of the motherboards that I recommended based on Intel’s LGA 1151 socket, so that means the Celeron G3900 is probably the best choice. If you go with an AMD motherboard, a Sempron CPU will do nicely. Overkill really, at least for Linux.
If you want to run Windows, then 4GB is probably a realistic minimum. While Ethereum mining is pretty memory-intensive, everything happens on the GPUs. System memory will be pretty much unused, so there is no reason to spend money here, especially with DDR4 prices so high. Power Supply The power supply is extremely important—don’t skimp on it! A good, efficient PSU will keep your electricity costs to a minimum and more than pay for itself over the long run. Seasonic, EVGA, and Corsair are all generally top brand choices.
If you’re planning on running only 3-4 GPUs, you can save a bit of money and go for their 850 watt model instead. The RX 570 is usually significantly cheaper than the 580, so generally the 570 is the best choice. 580 card will do, the most important thing to look for is memory speed if you want the best performance. With all of that said, the 8GB versions of the cards tend to have faster-clocked memory than most of the 4GB cards, so if the price difference isn’t too large, spring for whatever is the fastest. If you have an old mechanical hard drive laying around, that’ll work fine too. The Case I highly recommend against trying to cram a bunch of GPUs into a conventional PC case. You have two realistic options here: buy a purpose-built mining frame, or build something yourself.
The first option is straightforward, if not a bit more expensive. Here is an example of an open-air frame that will accommodate up to 6 GPUs. If you’re handy, you can put together a simple aluminium frame yourself for a fraction of the cost of buying one. If you’re buying a mining frame, most include risers. Risers can be powered or unpowered.
A riser is unpowered if it simply connects a GPU to a motherboard PCIe slot. Unpowered risers allow GPUs to receive up to 75 watts of power through the motherboard’s PCIe bus, just as if they were plugged in directly. The newer USB-style powered risers often include SATA-to-molex power adapters. I do think the newer USB-style risers are the way to go—they’re longer and easier to work with than the old ribbon-style cables. If this happens to you, you’ll need a dummy plug. I’ve copied the instructions from my original 2013 guide here and updated them slightly.
You should be able to get everything else on the list at Lowe’s if you happen to have one near you, too. As far as tools go, you’ll need a drill and a knife capable of cutting into whatever plastic crate you buy. Then follow the general steps below to mount everything into your plastic crate. Click the images for a close-up look at each step. Simply connect everything to your power supply and you should be ready to power your rig on for the first time. I have an Asus B150M-C it has 2 PCIex16 and a PCIex1 slot.
I have recently bought two ribbon extenders in the hopes to add a third GPU via the PCIex1 and a powered riser. When all three are connected my screen goes all wonky. When just the two extenders are attached everything works fine. When just the single riser is attached everything works fine.
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But I can’t get all three to work at once. Does this miner also work for Litecoin purposes, or do you need different hardware for litecoin? I really don’t want to be restricted to only one coin. 580 series that is displayed on amazon.
MSI VGA Graphic Cards RX 570 ARMOR 4G OC that has a memory clock speed of 7,000 Mhz. Its my understand the faster the memory clock speed the faster the hash? Great guide, thanks, will respond in kind! I boot, I just get a BLACK screen. The build is perfectly built yet for some reason booting is no good. If anyone here can solve my problem, I will pay them a bounty in Ethereum or Bitcoin, you choose.
If you have a mining specific board, make sure you connect the molex adaptors on the motherboard. It probably has two, and each should have its own cable dedicated from the psu for it. Where did you get the graphics cards bro? Include a link if you would please. 1080s are not great for ethereum mining since they use a different kind of memory. The 1070ti do use the DDR5 that the ethereum mining software is optimized for.
Still, bang for your buck-wise, plain 1070s or 1060s 6gb are probably the way to go. 1070ti are ddr5 just like 1070 and 1060. Thanks for the tutorial, it was great! I built my first rig but have yet to power it up so ce i am very concerned with the way my risers would be powered after all the SATA burning we see on the internet.
Is it safe to use this extra hanging PCI-e plug to power the riser in addition to the GPU? I have risers similar to the ones in the tutorial only in VER006. If I have it all correct, then yes, that’s absolutely fine. Throw away the intermediate SATA-to-PCIe plugs that came with the risers, they’re generally not safe for use. Exactly, that is precisely my situation! Thank you very much for all the great help!
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Why do you need yo use the powered risers with the B250 MB? C GPU and riser is from same PS? Or all powered risers need to be on PS as MB? I have a noob question regarding graphics card selection. 6pin power or the ones with only 8pin power?
75W from the pcie cables so the powered riser may have less stress? But that would mean the riser needs its own power input cable which can be scarce depending on the PSU setup. 6pin then can I plug the same cable into both the card 8pin and riser 6pin sockets? I have ZERO computer skills, and I am sorry if this question come across as stupid but I truly don’t have a clue how this all works. Do you happen to have directions for putting this together? Also, when everything is put together do I just turn it on and start mining? I am sure that I will need software to work this but do you know where I can get the software needed to run these?
I am so sorry that I am asking noob questions, but I seem to always have more questions that keep popping up. 4x 580s with 4x 6pin pcie risers. Buy Splitter cables newegg or ebay. I have 2 8 rig systems. 9SIA4RE6KD8226 i connect 6 to the molex and 2 to sata. Problem with sata is not so much the saftey issue it’s the ability to have a constant reliable power supply. I really need to learn linux.
Working on 8 1080ti for my next build. It has helped me a bunch. I’m guessing its a fraction of an etherium ? 12 eth a month if u ve 10 gpus u mine 1.
It’s true AMD cards will give you slightly more. Would someone be willing to make this a youtube tutorial video? SATA to 4-pin molex is unsafe because of SATA, and then you say that SATA to 6-pin PCIe molex is safe. Think you must have misunderstood me somewhere. SATA-to-molex cables that are often packaged with USB-style risers are potentially unsafe.
Where did you get that plastic clips for the bottom of the GPU’s to sit in? How much money would this unit generate a day? What I say below is purely my opinion after working with mining for only 1 month. I do not like the Asus B250 Mining Expert. However, to get it running with 19 cards you have to have 32GB of memory and use specific Nvidia P106 mining cards which don’t even seem to be available. I haven’t used the ASRock so I can’t comment, however I really like the Biostar TB250 motherboard.
I use the most current UBIT risers using the supplied 6 pin to SATA adaptor. They are nice and well made but a waste of money. Good air flow, stable and easy to move. Put your motherboard and power supply’s on the middle shelf, 5 GPUs top shelf and 5 GPUs bottom shelf.
Can easily attach everything and shelf is stable yet easy to move. It will monitor your power usage and give you the opportunity to cut power to your rig remotely. BIOS set to automatically reboot your rig. 50 but I have 1 rig that uses a 2 core 2 thread processor and I can’t do anything else on it effectively while its mining. Not that you’ll use it for much else but sometimes you want to research on the web using the machine you are trying to tweak and not having a fast enough CPU makes that frustrating. Its well written, well thought out and a great starting point to get you up and running with the least amount of headaches.
The linux step by step instructions are awesome and easy to use. I never used it before I started mining but this site makes it easy for mining. Very stable, easy, fast and free. I just turned it off because of a move. Has this happened to you before?
I’ll be sorting thru some gpu at scrap yard looking fo 4g or bigger then test and referb. Expanse, good idea or wasted time all else for rig mb, cpu, psu will be new. Wish cheaper but screwed in SC. G is a killer for power use. I’m mining BTG and ZCASH converting them to ETH with decent monthly profit. Profit is Not like it was late 2017 early 2018. Wanted to cut ties with them for years, cosiderd solar off grid with grid tie inverter but no more buy back programs.
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I received 8 cointerra miners in 2017 but not of any value at the moment. So leaning heavy twords altcoins to convert to ether or hodl just looking to cut costs to justify elec cost. June 2018 and your article is still being read ! Let’s say the first one if first to power the motherboard, SSD, etc. Then the second one is mostly to power the GPU’s. With which of those 2 should I power the riser ? Do you have a video on how to build this?
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In this second installment of our DIY Ethereum mining guide, we’ll look at how to install and configure Linux to setup your rig as an automated, remotely-manageable appliance. Don’t be dissuaded if you’ve never used Linux before—our step-by-step guide makes it simple! 100 on the operating system is a big plus when you’re trying to maximize profitability. Linux is perfectly happy running from a USB stick plugged into ancient hardware!
If you missed the hardware portion of our guide, make sure to check it out first. If you’re a bit nervous because you’ve a complete Linux newbie, don’t be. Simply follow the step-by-step instructions exactly as they’re written, and you’ll be fine. Step 1: Configure BIOS settings Before we even get to Linux, let’s take a minute to make sure that your mining computer’s BIOS settings are in order.
You should end up in the BIOS configuration area. Change power options so that the computer automatically turns itself on whenever power is restored. The reason for this is two-fold: first, it’ll make sure that your miner automatically starts up after a power outage. Second, it makes powering the computer on much easier if you don’t happen to have a power switch connected to the motherboard. Disable all components that you don’t plan to use.
For me, that meant disabling onboard audio, one of the SATA controllers, the USB 3. Firewire port, and the serial port. Exact tweaks vary by motherboard, but setting the PCIe speed to Gen1 is usually a good place to start. No need to change anything now, but make a mental note that you may need to come back and play around a bit if all of your GPUs don’t show up in the OS later. Step 2: Install Xubuntu Desktop on your miner Xubuntu is a lightweight version of Ubuntu, a popular Linux distribution. 3 is the latest LTS release at the time of this guide, so that is what I recommend you use. SATA controller if you disabled it in step 1!
When the installation is complete, you should automatically boot into the Xubuntu desktop. Make sure to remove your installation media. If you plan to manage your mining rig remotely over the internet, you’ll need to forward port 22 on your router to your miner. Make sure that you use a strong Xubuntu password! Putty session by simply right-clicking anywhere inside the Putty window. I highly recommend that you complete the remainder of the guide in this manner, as it eliminates the risk of typos!
Step 4: Install AMDGPU-PRO drivers Next up, we’ll install AMD’s video drivers. Some of these steps may take a minute or two to complete. Finally we need to enable large page support, which will dramatically improve mining performance. Wait a few seconds to give the computer a chance to boot, and then re-establish a new connection via Putty, and re-login. Note: you may skip step 5 entirely if you already have an ethereum wallet address that you intend to use!
Next up, we’ll install the Ethereum software that will let us create a new wallet address. We’ll need this to store the coins we receive from mining. If you lose either of these, you’ve also lost control of your wallet and all of the coins associated with it—and there is literally nothing that anyone will be able to do to help you. If you forget your wallet address, you can type geth account list to see your addresses and the location of their key files.
Step 6: Install Claymore’s Ethereum miner There are several options as far as mining software, and I’ve experimented with all of the popular ones. Genoil’s fork of the stock miner. They’re both open-source and free, but they have pretty crippling downsides. The author abandoned development months ago, so improvements are unlikely. Downloads sudo apt install curl curl -L -o claymore_10. Then let’s head over to the installation directory and create a startup script. I’ve tried a few, and it seems to be a top pick, but feel free to pick your own pool.
Now is a good time to test things. You can fire up your miner by typing: . You should see the Claymore miner start up. It’ll take a minute or two before it actually starts mining, but it should get there eventually. C to exit the miner when you’re satisfied that it’s working.