An international team of anthropologists during excavations in northeastern China discovered artificially deformed human skulls, which are about 12 thousand years old.
The research report was published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, and Phys.org briefly describes it. The discovery was made by a team of researchers from China, Singapore and the United States.
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She found, it seems, the most ancient evidence that some peoples artificially deformed the skull. This process has been known for a long time and is well studied. To deform the skull boxes began from infancy, when the bones were still soft and supple.
To do this, use a set of special wooden tools. This is still practiced by some tribes in different parts of the world. In this case, the skull lengthened, pulling them and giving them an unusual shape.
The most popular hypothesis explains this practice by the desire of the ancient peoples to single out representatives of the upper class. During the excavation, 25 skeletons were found. 11 of them had skulls deformed.
Four of the skulls belonged to adult men, one to an adult woman, and the rest were childish. The remains were not buried in the same grave. Radiocarbon dating showed that they were buried for 7,000 years, that is, from 12,000 to 5,000 years ago.
Some of these people were buried along with ritual artifacts, presumably, ceramics.
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