Researchers from the RAS Institute of Oceanology named after Shirshov of the Russian Academy of Sciences concluded that microplastic particles, less than five millimeters in size, can enter human bodies through sea fish and contribute to the development of oncological diseases.
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As reported in a scientific institution, microplastic particles have special physical and dynamic properties. And the longer they are in seawater, the more dangerous they become for humans.
Particles of the substance are swallowed by commercial fish and shellfish, and then they enter the human body.
The institution notes that microplastic itself, accumulating in the human body, can cause cancer and diseases of the reproductive system. This statement was made during the seminar of experts of the Russian-Chinese Environmental Council, which was held in Harbin.
For several years, the Institute of Oceanology has been closely studying the problem of microplastic in the world's oceans. In 2017 and 2018, for example, research was conducted in the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland.
The results were not too optimistic. Thus, in the course of studying natural bottom sediments of various types in the Baltic Sea, it was found out that microplastic particles stick together with sedimentary material. And it is not always possible to identify it using standard methods of research, which are used by oceanologists and environmental organizations.
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The scientific institution noted that different types of plastic have their own characteristics. So, many modern polymers do not break up into microplastic. Scientists propose to use these types of plastics in maricultural farms and apply them to those products that are in contact with sea, river or lake water. Researchers point out that now there is a large amount of waste in reservoirs around the world. The vast majority of them fall on different types of plastic.
Institute of Oceanology. P.P. Shirshov – the largest Russian research center in the field of oceanology. The Institute conducts research in the oceans, including the North and South Atlantic, the Arctic seas, the Baltic Sea. The institute also includes a branch in St. Petersburg, the Atlantic Branch (Kaliningrad), the North-West Branch (Arkhangelsk), the South Branch (Gelendzhik) and the Caspian Branch (Astrakhan).
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