UN: World population growth will focus in 9 countries

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By 2050, more than half of the world's population growth will be concentrated in nine countries: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Indonesia, Egypt, the United States and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. According to the latest UN projections, the world's population will increase from the current 7.7 billion people to 9.7 billion by 2050 and to 10.9 billion by 2100.

According to UN experts, the population of China, the most populous country in the world, will decline somewhat: by 2050, by 2.2% percent, there will be less than 31.4 million Chinese. And India, according to their forecasts, will overtake China and take the first place in the world in terms of population in 2027.

Photo: Evgenia Smolyanskaya
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The number of inhabitants of tropical Africa will double by 2050, to 2.5 billion people: the birth rate there is high – women currently have an average of 4.4 children. And by 2100, the UN predicts, Africa’s population will grow to about 4.3 billion.

In sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America there are many children in young families: from 2015 to 2020, 62 million children were born, whose mothers were between 15 and 19 years old.

"In the world's poorest countries, the population is growing rapidly, and this leads to difficulties in fighting poverty, inequality and hunger," said Liu Zhenming, UN Under-Secretary General for Economic and Social Affairs.

The report noted another trend: in some countries, the death rate will exceed the birth rate. We are talking about Russia, Germany, Estonia, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Serbia, Belarus and Ukraine. However, according to a UN survey, population loss is offset by immigration, especially in Belarus, Estonia and Germany.

Photo: depositphotos.com
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According to experts, if there is now an average of 2.5 newborns per woman in the world, by 2050, 2.2 children per woman are predicted. Thus, the birth rate in this case only slightly exceeds the required generation change rate – 2.1 children per woman. The report notes that the population of the planet is aging, and first of all it refers to the countries of Europe and North America: life expectancy in these countries by 2050 is on average up to 77.1 years, now it is 72.6 years.

“By 2050, a quarter of the population of Europe and North America may be over 65 years of age. A higher proportion and number of older people are expected to exert increased financial pressure on countries over the coming decades due to the higher cost of public health benefits, ”the report says.

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