Do all design projects require construction?

1 or Like, we will plant a wildflower on a pond or stream. You will learn fishing techniques and biology we only share with our closest friends. All levels of angling proficiency will be accommodated on do all design projects require construction? trip. Parties of 8 or more may select dates.

Biologists’ pond building techniques stand out. When you look at other ponds then see a Spring Creek design pond, you’ll know it. Lakes, ponds and streams bring great financial and emotional value to land. We have an expert staff and affiliates to plan, design, and create just the pond, lake, or stream environment you desire. We assist you using several methods: a remote consultation, a site visit, or a complete project design.

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We can coach you through the process, or take the reins for a complete project. Proper design brings numerous benefits such as larger fish, less sediment, proper temperature, clearer water, greatly reduced maintenance expense, a much more natural appearing environment and much greater property value. There is an entire industry devoted to maintaining lakes and ponds. Most of this industry is generated from habitats with less than ideal design and construction.

Building ponds and lakes with our professional assistance actually cost less to build and maintain than those built without our help. The habitat quality we provide greatly improves the value your investment. We assist many “do it yourself” people in their quest for an aquatic environment. We repeatedly hear “I wish I would have met you people when I first built this lake. You would have saved me so much money and effort. Occasionally nature creates what we view as a perfect pond, lake or stream.

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After identifying missing elements in your habitat, we then compensate for the discrepancies. The results are habitats of surprising quality. We possess the ability to improve the biology, geology, chemistry, physics and geography of your habitat. The only challenge we have yet to surmount is how to get the sun to shine more often. With over twenty-five years of experience, not only in scientific pursuits, but in the practical application of construction, we provide the technical and practical expertise to do the job correctly the first time. Because of our practical experience, we have been selected to design a lake on land owned by the aquatic biologist responsible for one of the largest pristine mountain lakes in the United States: Crater Lake in Oregon. Knowledge of habitat by itself is not sufficient for the best lake and pond designs.

We have worked with a wide range of trout and salmon, many of which are threatened and endangered. Aquatic habitat design and fish stocks are matched in order to ensure the success of your project. Currently, we are working on projects as diverse as reclaiming urban wetland habitat, to developing golf course water hazards into healthy trout habitats. Just imagine trying to concentrate on your golf game on that course. This is in addition to our usual lake and stream projects. We have an outline for your use to plan and carry out your project with as much or little assistance as you require.

This book will not only change the way you think of chasing trophy fish, it will cause you to replace those old photos of trophy trout with new photos of even bigger trout. Biologists pond design from landscape pond design to recreational pond design and trophy fishing pond design. The best pond design professionals or pond designers are Aquatic Biologists who understand pond design well beyond the simple popularized concepts. Oregon, Washington, California, New York or any state or Canada. Before investing in waterfront or lake real estate, there is a lot of investigation and inspection to do. Building a Pond Building a pond with a Biologist gives you a pond that’s completely natural instead of building a pond that looks artificial with rocks and barkdust mulch around the pond.

If you are building a pond, why not make it natural. Why undertake building a pond if it does not look natural and function naturally? Trophy Trout Biologists who design natural Trophy Trout Habitat without artificial “Trophy Trout” from Trout hatcheries . Trophy trout habitat design by Biologists at Spring Creek provide the best trophy trout habitat in natural ponds and lakes. Building a pond habitat with a Biologist gives you a pond habitat that’s completely natural instead of building a pond habitat that looks artificial with rocks and mulch around the pond. If you are building a pond habitat , why not make it natural.

A well designed waterscape is a complete habitat and not just a “plastic pond with a filter”. Waterscapes are not “balanced” when additives such as commercial supplemental bacteria are required. Lake Construction: Biological Design for Lake Construction. Biologists – consultants to build a lake habitat.

We are lake construction or lake building Aquatic and Fishery Biologists. When we build a lake it has a natural ability for maintenance. Swimming ponds A recent trends for natural swimming ponds is becoming popular. Many landscape architects and landscapers are jumping into the natural swimming pool – pond construction business. We were building natural ponds for swimming and fishing long before them all. You can visit our cookie privacy page for more information. What do I need to do?

Virtually everyone involved in a construction project has legal duties under CDM 2015. Client – Anyone who has construction work carried out for them. The main duty for clients is to make sure their project is suitably managed, ensuring the health and safety of all who might be affected by the work, including members of the public. Designer – An organisation or individual whose work involves preparing or modifying designs, drawings, specifications, bills of quantity or design calculations.

Designers can be architects, consulting engineers and quantity surveyors, or anyone who specifies and alters designs as part of their work. They can also include tradespeople if they carry out design work. Principal designer – A designer appointed by the client to control the pre-construction phase on projects with more than one contractor. The principal designer’s main duty is to plan, manage, monitor and coordinate health and safety during this phase, when most design work is carried out. Principal contractor – A contractor appointed by the client to manage the construction phase on projects with more than one contractor. The principal contractor’s main duty is to plan, manage, monitor and coordinate health and safety during this phase, when all construction work takes place. Anyone who manages this work or directly employs or engages construction workers is a contractor.

Do all design projects require construction?

Worker – An individual who actually carries out the work involved in building, altering, maintaining or demolishing buildings or structures. Workers include: plumbers, electricians, scaffolders, painters, decorators, steel erectors and labourers, as well as supervisors like foremen and chargehands. Their duties include cooperating with their employer and other dutyholders, reporting anything they see that might endanger the health and safety of themselves or others. A summary of duties under CDM 2015 is available.

HSE aims to reduce work-related death, injury and ill health. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. This article needs attention from an expert in Business. Please add a reason or a talk parameter to this template to explain the issue with the article. This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards.

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This article may be in need of reorganization to comply with Wikipedia’s layout guidelines. Please help by editing the article to make improvements to the overall structure. The purpose of CM is to control a project’s time, cost and quality—sometimes referred to as a project’s “triple constraint. Contractors are assigned to a construction project during the design or once the design has been completed by a licensed architect. This is done by going through a bidding process with different contractors. The contractor is selected by using one of three common selection methods: low-bid selection, best-value selection, or qualifications-based selection.

Do all design projects require construction?

Specifying project objectives and plans including delineation of scope, budgeting, scheduling, setting performance requirements, and selecting project participants. Maximizing the resource efficiency through procurement of labor, materials and equipment. Implementing various operations through proper coordination and control of planning, design, estimating, contracting and construction in the entire process. Developing effective communications and mechanisms for resolving conflicts. Construction Manager fall into the following 7 categories: Project Management Planning, Cost Management, Time Management, Quality Management, Contract Administration, Safety Management, and CM Professional Practice. Agricultural: Typically economical buildings, and other improvements, for agricultural purposes.

Examples include barns, equipment and animal sheds, specialized fencing, storage silos and elevators, and water supply and drains such as wells, tanks, and ditches. Residential: Residential construction includes houses, apartments, townhouses, and other smaller, low-rise housing, small office types. Commercial: This refers to construction for the needs of private commerce, trade, and services. Examples include office buildings, “big box” stores, shopping centers and malls, warehouses, banks, theaters, casinos, resorts, golf courses, and larger residential structures such as high-rise hotels and condominiums. Institutional: This category is for the needs of government and other public organizations. Examples include schools, fire and police stations, libraries, museums, dormitories, research buildings, hospitals, transportation terminals, some military facilities, and governmental buildings.

Industrial: Buildings and other constructed items used for storage and product production, including chemical and power plants, steel mills, oil refineries and platforms, manufacturing plants, pipelines, and seaports. Heavy civil: The construction of transportation infrastructure such as roads, bridges, railroads, tunnels, airports, and fortified military facilities. Dams are also included, but most other water-related infrastructure is considered environmental. Environmental: Environmental construction was part of heavy civil, but is now separate, dealing with projects that improve the environment. Some examples are water and wastewater treatment plants, sanitary and storm sewers, solid waste management, and air pollution control. A bid is given to the owner by construction managers that are willing to complete their construction project. A bid tells the owner how much money they should expect to pay the construction management company in order for them to complete the project.

Open bid: An open bid is used for public projects. Any and all contractors are allowed to submit their bid due to public advertising. Closed bid: A closed bid is used for private projects. A selection of contractors are sent an invitation for bid so only they can submit a bid for the specified project. Low-bid selection: This selection focuses on the price of a project. Multiple construction management companies submit a bid to the owner that is the lowest amount they are willing to do the job for. Then the owner usually chooses the company with the lowest bid to complete the job for them. Review – Scam or Not?

Best-value selection: This selection focuses on both the price and qualifications of the contractors submitting bids. This means that the owner chooses the contractor with the best price and the best qualifications. Qualifications-based selection: This selection is used when the owner decides to choose the contractor only on the basis of their qualifications. The owner may also ask for safety records and individual credentials of their members. Lump sum: This is the most common type of contract. The construction manager and the owner agree on the overall cost of the construction project and the owner is responsible for paying that amount whether the construction project exceeds or falls below the agreed price of payment.

Cost plus fee: This contract provides payment for the contractor including the total cost of the project as well as a fixed fee or percentage of the total cost. This contract is beneficial to the contractor since any additional costs will be paid for, even though they were unexpected for the owner. Guaranteed maximum price: This contract is the same as the cost-plus-fee contract although there is a set price that the overall cost and fee do not go above. Unitprice: This contract is used when the cost cannot be determined ahead of time. The owner provides materials with a specific unit price to limit spending.


The stages of a typical construction project have been defined as feasibility, design, construction and operation, each stage relating to the project life cycle. Feasibility and design involves four steps: programming and feasibility, schematic design, design development, and contract documents. It is the responsibility of the design team to ensure that the design meets all building codes and regulations. It is during the design stage that the bidding process takes place. Programming and feasibility: The needs, goals, and objectives must be determined for the building. Decisions must be made on the building size, number of rooms, how the space will be used, and who will be using the space. This must all be considered to begin the actual designing of the building.

This phase is normally a written list of each room or space, the critical information about those spaces, and the approximate square footage of each area. Schematic design: Schematic designs are sketches used to identify spaces, shapes, and patterns. Materials, sizes, colors, and textures must be considered in the sketches. This phase usually involves developing the floor plan, elevations, a site plan, and possibly a few details. This step requires research and investigation into what materials and equipment will be used as well as their cost.

During this phase, the drawings are refined with information from structural, plumbing, mechanical, and electrical engineers. It also involves a more rigorous evaluation how the applicable building codes will impact the project. Contract documents are the final drawings and specifications of the construction project. They are used by contractors to determine their bid while builders use them for the construction process. Contract documents can also be called working drawings. The pre-construction stage begins when the owner gives a notice to proceed to the contractor that they have chosen through the bidding process.

Do all design projects require construction?

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A notice to proceed is when the owner gives permission to the contractor to begin their work on the project. Project manager: The project manager is in charge of the project team. Contract administrator: The contract administrator assists the project manager as well as the superintendent with the details of the construction contract. Superintendent: It is the superintendent’s job to make sure everything is on schedule including flow of materials, deliveries, and equipment. They are also in charge of coordinating on-site construction activities. Field engineer: A field engineer is considered an entry-level position and is responsible for paperwork.

During the pre-construction stage, a site investigation must take place. A site investigation takes place to discover if any steps need to be implemented on the job site. This is in order to get the site ready before the actual construction begins. This also includes any unforeseen conditions such as historical artifacts or environment problems. A soil test must be done to determine if the soil is in good condition to be built upon.

The procurement stage is when labor, materials and equipment needed to complete the project are purchased. This can be done by the general contractor if the company does all their own construction work. If the contractor does not do their own work, they obtain it through subcontractors. Subcontractors are contractors who specialize in one particular aspect of the construction work such as concrete, welding, glass, or carpentry. Purchase orders: A purchase order is used in various types of businesses. In this case, a purchase order is an agreement between a buyer and seller that the products purchased meet the required specifications for the agreed price.

The pre-construction meeting is meant to make decisions dealing with work hours, material storage, quality control, and site access. The next step is to move everything onto the construction site and set it all up. Progress payments are partial payments for work completed during a portion, usually a month, during a construction period. Progress payments are made to general contractors, subcontractors, and suppliers as construction projects progress. Payments are typically made on a monthly basis but could be modified to meet certain milestones.

Progress payments are an important part of contract administration for the contractor. Once the owner moves into the building, a warranty period begins. This is to ensure that all materials, equipment, and quality meet the expectations of the owner that are included within the contract. When construction vehicles are driving around a site or moving earth, a lot of dust is created, especially during the dryer months. This may cause disruption for surrounding businesses or homes.

A popular method of dust control is to have a water truck driving through the site spraying water on the dry dirt to minimize the movement of dust within and out of the construction site. When water is introduced mud is created. Storm water pollution: As a result of construction, the soil is displaced from its original location which can possibly cause environmental problems in the future. Runoff can occur during storms which can possibly transfer harmful pollutants through the soil to rivers, lakes, wetlands, and coastal waters. Endangered species: If endangered species have been found on the construction site, the site must be shut down for some time. The construction site must be shut down for as long as it takes for authorities to make a decision on the situation. Once the situation has been assessed, the contractor makes the appropriate accommodations to not disturb the species.

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Vegetation: There may often be particular trees or other vegetation that must be protected on the job site. This may require fences or security tape to warn builders that they must not be harmed. Wetlands: The contractor must make accommodations so that erosion and water flow are not affected by construction. Any liquid spills must be maintained due to contaminants that may enter the wetland. Historical or cultural artifacts: Artifacts may include arrowheads, pottery shards, and bones. All work comes to a halt if any artifacts are found and will not resume until they can be properly examined and removed from the area. Project meetings take place at scheduled intervals to discuss the progress on the construction site and any concerns or issues.

The discussion and any decisions made at the meeting must be documented. Diaries, logs, and daily field reports keep track of the daily activities on a job site each day. Diaries: Each member of the project team is expected to keep a project diary. The diary contains summaries of the day’s events in the member’s own words. They are used to keep track of any daily work activity, conversations, observations, or any other relevant information regarding the construction activities. Diaries can be referred to when disputes arise and a diary happens to contain information connected with the disagreement. Daily field reports: Daily field reports are a more formal way of recording information on the job site.

They contain information that includes the day’s activities, temperature and weather conditions, delivered equipment or materials, visitors on the site, and equipment used that day. Labor statements are required on a daily basis. Also list of Labor, PERT CPM are needed for labor planning to complete a project in time. Mediation: Mediation uses a third party mediator to resolve any disputes. The mediator helps both disputing parties to come to a mutual agreement.

This process ensures that no attorneys become involved in the dispute and is less time-consuming. Minitrial: A minitrial takes more time and money than a mediation. The minitrial takes place in an informal setting and involves some type of advisor or attorney that must be paid. The disputing parties may come to an agreement or the third party advisor may offer their advice. The agreement is nonbinding and can be broken. Arbitration: Arbitration is the most costly and time-consuming way to resolve a dispute. Each party is represented by an attorney while witnesses and evidence are presented.

Once all information is provided on the issue, the arbitrator makes a ruling which provides the final decision. The arbitrator provides the final decision on what must be done and it is a binding agreement between each of the disputing parties. These range from general management skills, through management skills specifically related to construction, to technical knowledge of construction methods and practices. A collection, or portfolio of projects only makes this a bigger challenge. There are traditionally two contracts between these parties as they work together to plan, design and construct the project. An owner may also contract with a construction project management company as an adviser, creating a third contract relationship in the project. The construction manager’s role is to provide construction advice to the designer, design advice to the constructor on the owner’s behalf and other advice as necessary.

The phrase “design, bid, build” describes the prevailing model of construction management, in which the general contractor is engaged through a tender process after designs have been completed by the architect or engineer. There are three main advantages to a design-build contract. First, the construction team is motivated to work with the architect to develop a practical design. The team can find creative ways to reduce construction costs without reducing the function of the final product. The second major advantage involves the schedule. Many projects are commissioned within a tight time frame. The major problem with design-build contracts is an inherent conflict of interest.


In a standard contract the architect works for the owner and is directly responsible to the owner. In design-build the architect works for the design-builder, not the owner, therefor the design-builder may make design and construction decisions that benefit the design-builder, but that do not benefit the owner. Comprehensive management of every stage of the project, beginning with the original concept and project definition, yields the greatest benefit to owners. As time progresses beyond the pre-design phase, the CM’s ability to effect cost savings diminishes. Typically, a CM at-risk arrangement eliminates a “low-bid” construction project. The advantage of a CM at-risk arrangement is budget management.

An at-risk delivery method is best for large projects—both complete construction and renovation—that are not easy to define, have a possibility of changing in scope, or have strict schedule deadlines. Additionally, it is an efficient method in projects containing technical complexity, multi-trade coordination, or multiple phases. A Production Model for Construction: A Theoretical Framework”. Archived from the original on 2010-04-20. Archived from the original on 2015-07-24. Archived 2007-09-22 at the Wayback Machine. Advantages and Disadvantages of Construction Delivery Methods”.