Beta Theta Pi

When academic honor society Phi Beta Kappa sought to restrict its membership to students beta Theta Pi the liberal arts in the late 19th century, Edward H. In 1892, a second chapter was established at Michigan State University. Since then, the association has grown to 246 collegiate chapters across the United States and Puerto Rico.

Although Tau Beta Pi never discriminated on the basis of race or religion, Tau Beta Pi did make its start as a male-only society. Starting in 1936, TBP awarded a women’s badge to exceptional female engineering students, and a total of 619 women’s badges were awarded until 1969. In 1974, the Sigma Tau fraternity merged with Tau Beta Pi. Sigma Tau was an honor society for engineering much like Tau Beta Pi and was founded at the University of Nebraska in 1904. At the time of the merger, Sigma Tau consisted of 34 collegiate chapters and a total membership of 45,000. The colors of Tau Beta Pi are seal brown and white, which are the school colors of Lehigh. 246 are currently active, 7 are inactive.

There is now only one “class” of members in Tau Beta Pi, the former classifications of Member with Distinction, Honorary Member, and Associate Member having been discontinued. Election to membership in the association is accomplished only by vote of a collegiate chapter, and members’ chapter designations are always those of the chapters which elected them. Alumni of the chapter’s institution who were eligible as students. Alumni of other institutions who were eligible as students. Engineers of high attainment in the profession, regardless of college attended, scholastic record, or educational background. Undergraduate students whose scholarship places them in the top eighth of their engineering class in their next-to-last year or in the top fifth of their engineering class in their last college year are eligible for membership consideration. These scholastically eligible students are further considered on the basis of personal integrity, breadth of interest both inside and outside engineering, adaptability, and unselfish activity.

Prior to the fall of 1941, Tau Beta Pi’s scholastic requirements were that eligible candidates stand in the top eighth of the junior class, but in the top quarter of the senior class. The classes graduating in 1942 were thus the first to be considered under the higher requirements. Some chapters set a scholastic-grade deadline below which candidates are not considered, such deadline being higher than that required as a minimum by the Constitution. Elections and initiations are normally held twice a year, in the fall and winter or spring terms of the chapter’s institution. Student electees who are financially unable to meet the initiation-fee obligation may make delayed payment arrangements with their chapters, may borrow from the association’s loan fund, or may accept election but postpone initiation for up to five years. Until 1969 membership in Tau Beta Pi was limited to men, although qualified women were offered an award called the Women’s Badge. From its authorization in 1936 until its elimination by the admission of women to membership, 619 Women’s Badges were awarded by 98 chapters.

Those women have now been offered membership by their chapters. Engineering graduate students whose scholarship places them in the top fifth of their graduate class or whose high-quality work is attested to by a faculty member may be elected to membership. Engineering alumni of a chapter’s institution or of another recognized institution whose scholastic record placed them in the top fifth of their class may be elected to membership. Such candidates are usually recommended to the chapter by a member who knows them.

In all cases the requisite scholastic attainment makes candidates eligible for membership consideration. They are further considered on the basis of the association’s exemplary character requirement. Persons who have achieved eminence in engineering may be elected to membership without regard to collegiate records. Such candidates are usually recommended by members who know them. Tau Beta Pi membership catalogs were published in 1898, 1911, 1916, 1926, 1932, and 1939.

The 1946 Convention authorized discontinuance of them because of the excessive cost and limited usefulness. Today, membership can be verified online. Tau Beta Pi has an active fellowship and scholarship program supported by alumni members and other supporters. 830,000 from the educational loan program since 1932. This program is designed to foster interest in engineering among elementary, middle, and high school students with classroom and hands-on activities. MindSET was first conceived by Dr. Earle as GatorTRAX, a program run by the Florida Alpha chapter, and is now a national program with more than 50 active projects across the country.

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Michael Bloomberg, founder of Bloomberg L. Seven astronauts who died on Apollo 1, Space Shuttle Challenger and Space Shuttle Columbia were members of Tau Beta Pi. Archived from the original on 2011-11-23. Tau Beta Pi Information Book, History”.

Archived from the original on 2008-11-03. Archived from the original on 2008-11-20. Tau Beta Pi Information Book, Membership”. The Tau Beta Pi Association, Inc. Archived from the original on 2008-07-25. Five students and recent graduates win Marshall Scholarships”. Tau Beta Pi Information Book, Programs – Fellowships”.

Archived from the original on 2008-12-31. Biography of Tau Beta Pi founder Prof. This article needs additional citations for verification. Pi Phi, is an international women’s fraternity founded at Monmouth College, in Monmouth, Illinois on April 28, 1867 as I. Pi Phi’s headquarters are located in Town and Country, Missouri. Since its founding, the fraternity has installed over 200 chapters and more than 300 alumnae organizations across the United States and Canada. This section relies too much on references to primary sources.

Pi Beta Phi was founded as a secret organization under the name of I. Sorosis on April 28, 1867 at Monmouth College in Monmouth, Illinois. Pi Beta Phi is regarded as the first national women’s fraternity. It began when twelve female students wished to enjoy the benefits of a secret society similar to those formed by collegiate men. Shortly after the founding, the sisters had a jeweler design their official badge: a golden arrow with the letters “I.

When the name was changed to “Pi Beta Phi,” the Greek letters replaced “I. 12, one for each of the founders. The first fraternity convention was held in 1868 at the home of Fannie Thomson in Oquawka, Illinois. It was also in that year that the fraternity’s second chapter was established at Iowa Wesleyan College in Mount Pleasant, Iowa. At the 1882 convention, the society officially adopted its motto as well as the fraternity colors of wine and silver blue. It began to use Greek letters as its name six years later in 1888, when the name was changed from I. In 1893, with the number of alumnae members growing, the fraternity organized a national alumnae department.

The fraternity’s first philanthropy, Pi Beta Phi Elementary, was organized in Gatlinburg, Tennessee, in 1912. It would be followed over the years by other philanthropic endeavors. In 1913, the fraternity also began the practice of support for its chapters through local Alumnae Advisory Committees. Central Office, a fraternity headquarters, was established in 1925. Today, dues-paying alumnae receive The Arrow by mail, while others can access it online at the fraternity’s web site. William Domhoff, in Who Rules America?

The official symbol of Pi Beta Phi is the arrow, and the official flower is the wine carnation. The fraternity colors are wine and silver blue. The unofficial mascot is the angel, nicknamed “Angelica”. The crest is a lozenge emblazoned with the crest of the Brownlee family, two of whom were founders of the fraternity. The pledge pin is a golden arrowhead with the Greek letter Βeta. A chapter is local Pi Beta Phi affiliates at a particular college or university. When expansion of Pi Beta Phi first began to other college campuses, the fraternity adopted the custom of naming chapters with Greek letters in order of their founding.

Beta Theta Pi

Thus, the original chapter at Monmouth College became Alpha chapter, the chapter established at Iowa Wesleyan College became Gamma chapter, and so on. Alpha chapter at Monmouth College is now known as Illinois Alpha. Each chapter also has an Alumnae Advisory Committee and House Corporation comprising fraternity alumnae living in the area who assist the chapter. Chapters are grouped geographically into regions, formerly known as provinces, to facilitate national organization and administration. Each collegiate region has a Regional Director and several Regional Specialists covering different functions.

Like collegiate chapters, alumnae clubs are grouped geographically into regions, which also have their own officers. Director for each alumnae region and each collegiate region. The work of Directors is supervised by a member of Grand Council. In addition to the elected officers, there are several appointed international officers assigned certain functions, such as an archivist and a fraternity historian. Like many sororities and fraternities, Pi Beta Phi members take part in a number of philanthropy programs.

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Over the fraternity’s history, philanthropies have included education, literacy, and the preservation of regional arts and crafts. Pi Beta Phi opened the Pi Beta Phi Settlement School in Gatlinburg, Tennessee, in 1912 to provide education, economic opportunity, and health care to the rural area. In conjunction with the fraternity’s commitment to the arts and crafts tradition of the Gatlinburg area, Pi Beta Phi opened the Arrowcraft Shop in 1926. The shop provided local craftspeople with an outlet to sell their products, thereby providing an economic as well as cultural benefit to the community.

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While no longer affiliated with Pi Beta Phi, Arrowcraft remains in operation as the oldest gift shop in Gatlinburg. It is now affiliated with the Southern Highland Craft Guild. Following Pi Beta Phi’s traditions of educational philanthropy and philanthropy in the Gatlinburg area, the fraternity founded the Pi Beta Phi Elementary School of Gatlinburg. After the county began to take over administration of the school in the 1940s, the fraternity deeded to the county the land on which the new elementary school was built. Pi Beta Phi became the first Greek letter organization to have a Canadian philanthropy in 1967 when, at the dual centennial of Canada and of Pi Beta Phi, the fraternity officially adopted the Northern Libraries Project to provide support for library systems in the Yukon and Northwest Territories. The project was renamed Arrow in the Arctic in 1969.

The Houston, Texas, Alumnae Club of Pi Beta Phi provided the framework for another of the fraternity’s national literacy projects, Champions Are Readers. CAR promotes family literacy by targeting pre-kindergarten to third graders with a fully developed reading enrichment program to encourage children to read and reinforce programs already in place in the schools. In 2005, Pi Beta Phi began a partnership with a reading awareness program called Read Across America. Commenced by the National Education Association in early March 1998, Read Across America was created to stimulate reading motivation and awareness. It has been shown through extensive research that children who are more motivated to read in turn do better in school. In June 2007, Pi Beta Phi announced its corporate partnership with First Book, an international nonprofit organization founded in 1992 with a single mission: to give children from low-income families the opportunity to read and own their first new books. Together, First Book and Pi Beta Phi are committed to bringing new books to children from low-income families in communities across the United States and Canada.

Since 2007, Pi Beta Phi and First Book have distributed more than 1. 5 millions books to children in need. Sorosis, the sorority’s first name which was later changed to Pi Beta Phi, was founded in the home of Major Jacob H. Holt and his wife Meghan E. Holt, where founders Ada Bruen and Libbie Brook were renting a room.

Over the years, the home fell into disrepair. With the approval of the 1938 convention, the fraternity bought the property at tax auction and embarked on a restoration project. In 2005, the chapter at the University of California at Los Angeles was penalized for hazing pledges. In 2010, the chapter at Cornell University received national attention after a seven-page email sent to pledges was released on what is acceptable and unacceptable to wear at certain events. The tone of the e-mail—with lines such as “No muffin tops or camel toe” and “I will not tolerate any gross plastic shizz “—drew criticism from the Huffington Post and many online young adult forums. In 2010, the chapter at the Miami University was suspended for one year after underage drinking, vomiting, littering, and damaging Lake Lyndsay Lodge in Hamilton, Ohio.

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In 2012, the chapter at Bucknell University was suspended for at least three years for violation of the national chapter’s policy and position statements regarding event planning-management and alcohol use. In 2013, the chapter at the University of Nevada at Reno was banned from campus until the last active member graduated due to repeated hazing violations. Pi Beta Phi Fraternity For Women”. History of Pi Beta Phi Elementary School from the school system web site. Pi Beta Phi Fraternity For Women.

Archived from the original on 2007-08-03. Wade is an associate professor of sociology at Occidental College and the author of American Hookup: The New Culture of Sex on Campus. They came to prominence during a period of widespread and largely forgotten campus violence. Until the mid-1800s, and in some cases until the turn of the century, university presidents tried valiantly to close fraternities down. Fraternity men consolidated power by placing their own members in every conceivable position of authority on campus. In their free time, fraternity men entertained themselves the same way they do today: with parties that bordered on perilous. Fraternity men invented the prototypical collegiate party that we now associate with higher education more generally.

Only then did they spring into action, concocting a plan to destroy and withhold evidence. In the aftermath of Piazza’s death, Penn State’s president wrote a heart-wrenching open letter. Let me be clear: Abolition is the only answer. All social fraternities — alongside the sycophantic sorority life that they exploit — must go. They must go permanently and forever, at Penn State and everywhere else. In fact, Beta Theta Pi was a reformed fraternity. It had strict behavioral guidelines, a no-alcohol policy, live-in adult supervision and video surveillance.

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1,200 on booze in the days before the fateful party. Reform is not possible because the old-line, historically white social fraternities have been synonymous with risk-taking and defiance from their very inception. They are a brotherhood born in mutiny and forged in the fire of rebellion. These fraternities have drink, danger and debauchery in their blood — right alongside secrecy and self-protection. To capitulate to the reasonable demands of outsiders would be to fundamentally change their culture, their role on campus, their very reason for existing. Avoiding risk and obeying common sense safety guidelines would undermine their fundamental character, the specific nature of their identity that is most vital to who they are.

Beta Theta Pi

Becoming kinder, safer places would do such violence to their legacy that it would mean altering their organizations beyond recognition. When I visit colleges to discuss my book, American Hookup: The New Culture of Sex on Campus, I advocate for their abolition. Fraternities may no longer decide who’s in the yearbook, but they still exert control. But we must push through this sense of impossibility. What happened to Timothy Piazza was a predictable tragedy, and there will be more unless we end Greek life for good.

I make no claims that it will be easy. Fraternities have dominated campuses, defied authorities and rebuffed efforts at suppression for nearly 200 years. But in that time we have ended slavery, given women the vote and put men on the moon. Of course we can get rid of fraternities. TIME Ideas hosts the world’s leading voices, providing commentary on events in news, society, and culture.

Opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect the views of TIME editors. TIME may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Offers may be subject to change without notice. 1st place in the MTF category of the Social Media Art Contest!

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Foundation and are mobilized to deal with specific threats or situations that sometimes exceed the operational capacity or expertise of regular field personnel and — as their name suggests — may be relocated between facilities or locations as they are needed. Mobile Task Force personnel represent the “best of the best” of the Foundation. Mobile Task Forces vary greatly in size, composition, and purpose. A battalion-strength combat-oriented task force trained to deal with highly aggressive anomalous entities may consist of hundreds of troops plus support personnel, vehicles, and equipment and can be deployed in whole or in part to deal with threats across the globe.

While in the field, task force members often pose as emergency responders, local or federal law enforcement, or military personnel appropriate to the region in which they are operating. Mobile Task Force Commanders can also request the assistance of local field units or personnel stationed at nearby Foundation facilities in order to accomplish their missions. Each unit is fundamentally structured in a way that best suits their intended purpose. While combat-oriented task forces may closely follow military hierarchy and organization, smaller units may have an informal or otherwise esoteric chain of command. Similarly, the cohesion of each unit will vary as well.

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Some Mobile Task Forces consist of personnel who have trained and worked for many years or even decades together, whereas the personnel of a Mobile Task Force formed on a moment’s notice to deal with a specific incident may know little more than each others’ names and fields of expertise. Mobile Task Forces are typically commissioned as deemed necessary by the Foundation’s Director of Task Forces, often with the direct approval of one or more O5 Council members. A significant number of Mobile Task Forces are created to deal with specific anomalies exhibiting traits that standard containment or response teams are unable to effectively counteract, though many were also created to pre-empt an emerging or theoretical threat. Mobile Task Forces created for the purpose of containing a particular anomaly are typically deactivated at the end of the recovery operation or when ongoing containment is deemed no longer necessary. Occasionally, such task forces remain operational if the expertise and experiences learned are considered useful for future incidents, but otherwise the task force will likely be disbanded and its personnel returned to their prior posts. WHAT IS A MOBILE TASK FORCE? A Mobile Task Force is a team of personnel that represents the Foundation’s best and most effective field agents and researchers and are sent in when ordinary facility personnel are unable or ill-prepared to deal with incidents or threats of a particular type.

They are expensive and there are only a handful of them, but they are the best shot at handling any particular case well. Foundation deals with can take all shapes and sizes, it isn’t a stretch of the imagination that the Foundation might have task forces consisting of extremely smart field biologists or teams of elite hackers who have very specialized but non-combat roles. HOW BIG IS A MOBILE TASK FORCE? A Mobile Task Force varies greatly in size depending on their area of expertise and operational requirements. A team of hackers may have only a half-dozen members, but combat-oriented units may be much larger. To take an example from the U.

Navy SEALs to be doing traffic stops or hunting down a petty thief, and it doesn’t make sense for a Mobile Task Force to be mobilized for an inert object that doesn’t pose an active or autonomous threat. WHEN IS A MOBILE TASK FORCE USED? Remember, Mobile Task Forces are the elite, the best the Foundation has to offer. The individual field agents, containment teams, and response teams stationed at sites throughout the world are highly competent in and of themselves, but when they encounter something that even veteran personnel can’t figure out, it’s time to call in the experts from out of town. Simply keep in mind that since they are the elite, that means that their services are both high in demand and low in availability. If it’s just a milk-run, then there’s no need to fly in a team from halfway across the world. HOW MANY MOBILE TASK FORCES ARE THERE?