Why Nova ‘Soctia’ appeared on some I. Nova Scotia’s liquor identification cards misspelled the province’s name for much of the 1980s. It was the question at the centre of a dispute between two neighbours in 28+ Collection of Water Ripple Effect Drawing 1980s. From 2002: Should Canada relax its pot laws?
The unveiling of Mark Rothko’s No. The end of a 150-year-old tradition on Cross Island, N. Closed Captioning and Described Video is available for many CBC-TV shows offered on CBC Watch. Word of the Year Our Word of the Year choice serves as a symbol of each year’s most meaningful events and lookup trends. It is an opportunity for us to reflect on the language and ideas that represented each year. So, take a stroll down memory lane to remember all of our past Word of the Year selections.
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Change It wasn’t trendy, funny, nor was it coined on Twitter, but we thought change told a real story about how our users defined 2010. The national debate can arguably be summarized by the question: In the past two years, has there been enough change? Meanwhile, many Americans continue to face change in their homes, bank accounts and jobs. Only time will tell if the latest wave of change Americans voted for in the midterm elections will result in a negative or positive outcome. Tergiversate This rare word was chosen to represent 2011 because it described so much of the world around us.
Tergiversate means “to change repeatedly one’s attitude or opinions with respect to a cause, subject, etc. Bluster In a year known for the Occupy movement and what became known as the Arab Spring, our lexicographers chose bluster as their Word of the Year for 2012. 2012 saw the most expensive political campaigns and some of the most extreme weather events in human history, from floods in Australia to cyclones in China to Hurricane Sandy and many others. Privacy We got serious in 2013.
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Privacy was on everyone’s mind that year, from Edward Snowden’s reveal of Project PRISM to the arrival of Google Glass. Exposure Spoiler alert: Things don’t get less serious in 2014. Our Word of the Year was exposure, which highlighted the year’s Ebola virus outbreak, shocking acts of violence both abroad and in the US, and widespread theft of personal information. From the pervading sense of vulnerability surrounding Ebola to the visibility into acts of crime or misconduct that ignited critical conversations about race, gender, and violence, various senses of exposure were out in the open this year. Identity Fluidity of identity was a huge theme in 2015. Language around gender and sexual identity broadened, becoming more inclusive with additions to the dictionary like gender-fluid as well as the gender-neutral prefix Mx.
Xenophobia In 2016, we selected xenophobia as our Word of the Year. Fear of the “other” was a huge theme in 2016, from Brexit to President Donald Trump’s campaign rhetoric. Despite being chosen as the 2016 Word of the Year, xenophobia is not to be celebrated. Rather it’s a word to reflect upon deeply in light of the events of the recent past.
Complicit The word complicit sprung up in conversations in 2017 about those who spoke out against powerful figures and institutions and about those who stayed silent. It was a year of real awakening to complicity in various sectors of society, from politics to pop culture. Our choice for Word of the Year is as much about what is visible as it is about what is not. It’s a word that reminds us that even inaction is a type of action. The silent acceptance of wrongdoing is how we’ve gotten to this point.
We must not let this continue to be the norm. If we do, then we are all complicit. The Roman Numeral Bowl: Are You Ready For Some Football? Where Do Our Favorite Emoji Come From? Start your day with weird words, fun quizzes, and language stories. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. This iframe contains the logic required to handle Ajax powered Gravity Forms.
Easily clip, save and share what you find with family and friends. Easily download and save what you find. Jump to navigation Jump to search For Central Military Commission of China under the Kuomintang, see Military Affairs Commission. This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Ministry of Veterans Affairs State Administration for Sci. As Mao Zedong was also the Chairman of the Communist Party of China and led military affairs as a whole, the CMC and NDC’s day-to-day work was carried out by its first-ranking vice-chairman, a post which was occupied by Lin Biao until his death in 1971, then by Ye Jianying.
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Deng Xiaoping’s efforts to institutionally separate the Party and the state led to the establishment of today’s State CMC, which was created in 1982 by the Constitution of China in order to formalize the role of the military within the government structure. The Commission included the post of secretary-general until 1992. In 2016, the 5 traditional departments were dissolved by order of Chairman Xi Jinping, and in their place 15 new departments were created as part of the ongoing modernization of the PLA. Unlike in most countries, the Central Military Commission is not considered as just another ministry. Although China does have a Ministry of National Defense, headed by a Minister of National Defense, it exists solely for liaison with foreign militaries and does not have command authority. Although in theory the CMC has the highest military command authority, in reality the ultimate decision making power concerning war, armed forces, and national defense resides with the Communist Party’s Politburo. The armed forces of China also have Joint Staff Department, the Political Work Department, the Logistics Support Department and the Equipment Development Department , which implements the directives of the Central Military Commission.
The Chairman of the CMC was twice in its history held by a senior official who had given up his other posts: by Deng in the late 1980s, and by Jiang in the early 2000s. In the case of Deng Xiaoping, because of his prestige, he was able to exercise considerable power after his retirement, in part due to his holding the position of CMC Chairman. Jiang Zemin relinquished his post as Chairman of the party’s Central Military Commission in September 2004 to Hu Jintao, and from the state commission in March 2005, which appeared to solidify Hu’s position as paramount leader. In China’s state-party-military tripartite political system, the CMC itself is a decision-making body whose day-to-day affairs are not nearly as transparent as that of the Central Committee or the State Council. The Tiananmen Protests of 1989 illustrates how the Central Military Commission functions. CMC Chairman Deng Xiaoping proposed the imposition martial law and the use of armed soldiers to suppress unarmed demonstrations in Beijing. The Library of Congress says of the two CMCs: “The state Central Military Commission was the state’s decision-making body in military affairs and directed and commanded the armed forces.
Similarly, the State CMC is nominally elected by the National People’s Congress and theoretically reports to the Congress, but is in practice indistinguishable from the CPC CMC. The members are generally uniformed military commanders, except for the chairman and first vice-chairman, who have both been drawn from the Politburo in recent years. The exact internal organisation of the CMC is highly secretive. However, until 2015 it is known that the CMC contained least five key departments.
The Joint Staff Department is the nerve center of the entire Chinese military command and control system, responsible for daily administrative duties of the CMC. The General Office processes all CMC communications and documents, coordinate meetings, and convey orders and directives to other subordinate organs. During the 2015 military reform, by order of Chairman Xi Jinping, 15 departments were created to replace the 5 organs, which were disbanded. The Pinnacle of the Pyramid: The Central Military Commission, Chapter 3, p. General Zhang Youxia: Xi Jinping’s ‘sworn brother’ now his deputy on China’s top military body”. Chinese parliament approves premier, CMC vice-chairmen”.
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Flag of the Chinese Communist Party. There is no charge except to cover the costs of copying. NOTE: This is Don’s mirror copy of samschem. Not all files linked from this copy will be found, especially if they are not related to high voltage, xenon strobes and flash units, lasers, and the like. Sam’s Schematic Collection Components – HTML, Diagrams, and Photographs. Back to Sam’s Schematic Collection Table of Contents. Preface Author and Copyright Author: Samuel M.
All Rights Reserved Reproduction of this document in whole or in part is permitted if both of the following conditions are satisfied: 1. This notice is included in its entirety at the beginning. DISCLAIMER Many of the circuits have been reverse engineered – traced from various schematics or actual hardware. They are provided solely as the basis for your own designs and are not guaranteed to be ‘plans’ that will work for your needs without some tweaking. Introduction Scope of This Document This is a collection of various useful and interesting schematics. Some of these are also referenced by or included in other documents at this site. Some are my own designs while many have been reverse engineered from commercial equipment.
Typical output with a 12 VDC 2 A power supply or battery will be around 12,000 V. Current at full voltage is typically around 1 to 2 mA. Adjustable High Voltage Power Supply This circuit uses a pair of 555 timers to provide variable frequency variable pulse width drive to an inverter using a flyback transformer salvaged from a black and white or color TV or computer monitor. The input voltage can range from about 5 to 24 V.
Jacobs Ladders The climbing arcs of old bad sci-fi movies are always a popular item. Just make sure you understand the safety implications before constructing one of these. Assorted High Voltage Circuits Assorted High Voltage Circuits Introduction These are assorted circuits which produce pulses or continuous high voltage for various purposes around the house. Range, Oven, and Furnace Electronic Ignition Many modern gas stoves, ovens, furnaces, and other similar appliances use an electronic ignition rather than a continuously burning pilot flame to ignite the fuel.
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These are actually simple high voltage pulse generators. However, I did check to make sure it wasn’t a bomb before applying power. This generates a HV pulse in the secondary. 5 ms, the current drops low enough such that the SCR turns off.
This asymmetry is due to the nature of the unidirectional drive to the transformer primary. HV-, at up to 5 uA. The output voltages are roughly equal plus and minus when referenced to point B. This thing is about the size of a hot-dog and plugs into the cigarette lighter socket. It produces a bit of ozone and who knows what else. DL1 to DL4 look like neon light bulbs with a single electrode.
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An ultrasonic cleaner contains a power oscillator driving a large piezoelectric transducer under the cleaning tank. Depending on capacity, these can be quite massive. I do not have specs on Q1 but based on the circuit, it probably has a Vceo rating of at least 500 V and power rating of at least 50 W. While many wall adapter output DC, some – modems and some phone answering machines, for example – are just transformers and output low voltage AC.
4 is due to the two diodes that are in series as part of the bridge rectifier. The fact that they are both about 1. Adding an IC Regulator to a Wall Adapter or Battery For many applications, it is desirable to have a well regulated source of DC power. This may be the case when running equipment from batteries as well as from a wall adapter that outputs a DC voltage or the enhanced adapter described in the section: Converting an AC output wall adapter to DC. Note: Not all voltage regulator ICs use this pinout. If you are not using an LM317, double check its pinout – as well as all the other specifications. 240, where R2 in ohms, Vout is in volts and must be at between 1.
Vin should be at least 2. Select a wall adapter with a voltage at least 2. 5 V greater than your regulated output at full load. However, note that a typical adapter’s voltage may vary quite a bit depending on manufacturer and load. Dual Output Power Supply Using Centertapped Transformer Where a centertapped secondary is available, a power supply outputting both positive and negative regulated or unregulated voltages can be constructed basically like a pair of the circuits above. Dual Output Power Supply Using Non-Centertapped Transformer Without a centertap, it is still possible to provide both polarities of output voltage but a half wave configuration must be used. Since only half-wave rectification is used, the main filter caps, C1 and C2, should be at least twice the uF value compared to full wave or bridge circuits to obtain the same ripple.
Higher Current Operation By adding a PNP power transistor like a 2N2955 to either a fixed or adjustable regulator, maximum current can be easily increased. 5 A, Q1 turns on and bypasses current around the 7805. For a negative supply based on a 79xx regulator, use an NPN transistor like a 2N3055 and reverse the capacitor polarities. Don’t forget that the pinout for the 79xx and other negative voltage regulators is NOT the same as for the positive variety. Adjustable High Current Regulated Power Supply This adds a gain stage to improve regulation compared to the circuit in the section: Higher Current Operation and is shown using an adjustable regulator though a fixed regulator could also be used. This is similar to the circuit in the Texas Instruments LM317 datasheet. For proper regulation, RL must be low enough in value to guarantee at least a 30 mA current at the selected output voltage.
It can be a separate resistor or part of the actual load. Alkaline cells as their appetite for these is quite huge. See the section: Up to 350 VDC Inverter from 1. I used was actually rewound from one that was rated at 12 V, 1 A. 3rds of the secondary was quite a pain.